The History of New York State
Book XI, Chapter II

Editor, Dr. James Sullivan

Online Edition by Holice, Deb & Pam



January 20

Lord Chatham proposed to recall British troops from Boston.

January 26

By a vote of 11 to 10 the Assembly refused to consider the proceedings of the Continental Congress

January 30

Committee of Sixty named a sub-committee to examine all vessels.

February 9

A Tory defined as "a thing whose head is in England, and its body is in America, and its neck ought to be stretched."

February 17

By a vote of 15 to 9 Assembly refused to thank the eighty New York delegates to Continental Congress

February 21

By vote of 15 to 10 Assembly refused to thanks merchants and people of New York City for their non-importation activities.

February 23

Motion in Assembly to appoint delegates to a new General Congress lost by 17 to 9.

February 27

Committee of Sixty suggested the election of deputies to the Second Continental Congress

February 27

People urged neither to purchase not to use tea or other goods from England.

March 6

A public meeting at the Liberty Pole asked the Committee of Sixty to nominate eleven deputies to meet others from the counties to choose delegates to the next Continental Congress, Two Tories wee harshly treated.

March 15

Delegates elected to provincial Congress from New York City.

March 22

Burke declared that the Americans though their heredity, education, manners, and religious principles, forms of government and distance from Great Britain had been so imbued with liberty that they would under no circumstances yield to force.

March 25

The Assembly in an address to the King said that Americans were matured and felt entitled to their rights; that no taxes should be imposed on them without their consent; that the acts of Parliament were destructive of their rights; that duties on British imports were oppressive; that the prohibition of paper money injured commerce; and that the Boston Port Bill was "a dangerous precedent."

April 1

Last Militia Act passed by Assembly

April 3

Colonial Assembly held its last session.

April 13

Rivington hung in effigy as a Tory.

April 19

Lexington skirmish

April 20

Provincial Convention chose twelve delegates to the Continental Congress--Duane, Alsop, Jay, Simon Boerum, Philip Livingston, Floyd, Wisner, Schuyler, George Clinton, Lewis Morris, Francis Lewis and Robert R. Livingston.

April 23

news of Lexington reached New York and led people to break open the arsenal and seize 600 muskets and to organize a volunteer corps to rule the city. The customs house and all public stores were taken over. The whole city was :one continued scene of riot, tumult and confusion."

April 26

Committee of Sixty asked that the people choose a new Committee of 100, and that a Provincial congress be summoned at once to meet May 22.

April 29

A general association written and signed

May 1

A "military association" of 100 persons offered services to preserve "American Liberty." Committee of 100 recommended every man to perfect himself in military discipline and to procure weapons.

May 5

Committee of 100 wrote London about "American wrongs."

May 6

John Hancock in New York

May 8

Seven New York delegates left for Philadelphia

May 9

All persons ordered to report arms to Committee of 100.

May 10

Fort Ticonderoga surprised and fortress with thirty-eight prisoners and 120 cannon taken by Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold.

May 10

Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia. In New York City Dr., Myles Cooper fled from a mob, which then attacked Rvinginton.

May 12

Crown Point and military stores captured by Seth Warner.

May 15

Burke brought case of New York before Commons

May 16

War companies of militia took over night watch of metropolis

May 16

Benedict Arnold seized St. Johns

May 22

First Provincial Congress met in New York City

May 25

Continental Congress ordered province of New York fortified and that militia be trained.

May 29

Committee of 100 asked people to save tent cloth for public service. Provincial Congress reported lack of powder and arms.

May 31

Provincial Congress called on colonists to arm.

June 3

Provincial Congress asked that British troops be permitted to embark unmolested.

June 4

Only one house in New York City illuminated on King's birthday.

June 6

Colonel Marinus Willett defeated plan to take arms from New York City.

June 7

Provincial Congress denounced illegal riots

June 9

Provincial Congress offered bounty on home-made powder

June 13

Importation of powder permitted

June 14

Tory arrested for recruiting for King's army

June 15

Washington chosen head of American forces

June 15

Inoculation for smallpox forbidden

June 19

Philip Schuyler elected major-general by Continental Congress

June 20

news of Bunker Hill reached New York

June 22

Richard Montgomery made brigadier-general by Congress

June 25

Washington and Governor Tryon given separate official receptions in New York City

June 25

General Schuyler placed in command of "New York Department.'

June 26

Provincial Congress presented address to Washington

June 27

Provincial Congress issued orders for raising troops.

July 4

Provincial Congress authorized Ethan Allen and Seth Warner to recruit 500 "Green Mountain Boys."

July 5

Provincial Congress forbade Common Council of New York City to send address to Governor Tryon

July 6

Broadside setting forth "that causes and necessity for taking up arms" printed in New York

July 12

New York reported that 3,000 Continent troops had been raised, but that there was no powder for them.

July 20

Ethan Allen promised to do his best to reconcile differences between the new Hampshire Grants and New York.

July 21

Franklin proposed an American confederation.

July 26

Ebenezer Hazard chosen postmaster of New York City

July 27

Provincial Congress appointed a military committee of five

August 4

Alexander McDougall approved of as colonel of first regiment; Myndert Roseboom of second; James Clinton of third; and James Holmes of fourth. Three surgeons also named.

August 5

Pay of New York soldiers fixed

August 8

Provincial Congress ordered local committees to buy all arms available.

August 9

Provincial Congress order all political subdivisions to be divided into "beats" of one militia company each

August 14

Provisions made for recruiting minutemen.

August 19

Export of all livestock and poultry forbidden

August 21

Continental army under General Montgomery arrived at Fort Ticonderoga

August 22

Militia bill passed.

August 23

Skirmish between British warship and militia removing ordinance from Battery. People left the city.

August 29

Attack on New York City by British man-of-war.

September 2

Augustus Van Cortlandt asked to protect records

September 2

General Schuyler from Ticonderoga moved toward Canada, but, owing to illness, yielded command to General Montgomery

September 7

Quakers required to give list of males between sixteen and sixty.

October 3

A naval committee appointed

October 6

Continental Congress ordered all dangerous loyalists arrested

October 10

Since for the "Sake of Liberty" officers should be elected for short terms, the Provincial Congress voted to dissolve November 14

October 17

Plans formulated to preserve sulfur and to encourage linen making.

October 25

Committee named to protect women and children in New York City

October 31

Committee appointed to employ the poor

November 10

New York Society for employing the industrious poor organized.

November 13

Montreal captured by Montgomery

November 15

New York City reported stagnated and half deserted for hear of bombardment

November 23

Band of seventy-five "Banditti" from Connecticut destroyed Rivington's printing press

December 6

Governor Tryon put public records on warship

December 15

Committee of 100 adopted rules for the night watch

December 31

General Montgomery killed before Quebec



January 1

Governor Tryon retired to a warship in New York harbor

January 9

Thomas Paine published "Common Sense."

January 9

Continental Congress asked New York to defend entrances to harbor

January 17

Essays on manufacture of saltpeter and powder distributed

January 20

General Schuyler forced Sir John Johnson to disarm and five his parole

February 1

Philip Livingston, John Alsop, John jay and Alexander McDougall elected to represent New York City in "the next general Assembly."

February 1

Factory established to employ poor in spinning flax and weaving linen.

February 2

Committee of 100 asked that Committee of Fifty be chosen.

February 4

General Lee with 300 men and Sir Henry Clinton reached New York City and caused :greatest Confusion."

February 7

Lord Stirling arrived with 1,000 men from the Jerseys

February 8

Neighboring counties asked to care for the refugees from the metropolis

February 11

Royal military stores taken from Fort George without opposition

March 14

Continental Congress ordered 8,000 men to defend New York City

March 21

Washington send six regiments from Boston to New York City.

March 24

Lead from windows used for bullets

March 30

Call for markers of muskets issued

April 1

Reported that 8,000 men were under arms in New York

April 4

Committee of Fifty asked to prepare barracks for 12,000 men.

April 12

New York reported "deserted by its old inhabitants, and filled with soldiers."

April 13

Washington arrived from Boston with main part of his army.

April 16

A "poll" opened in New York City to elect twenty-one members to Provincial Congress.

April 17

Mrs. Washington arrived in New York City from Boston

April 17

Communication with British warships cut off.

April 29

Washington reported that New York City was well fortified.

May 15

Continental Congress recommended to colonies to adopt such governments as would meet their needs and welfare

May 17

Day of fasting and prayer

May 18

Captain Paul Jones arrived in New York City from his first cruise.

May 21

Washington left New York City for Philadelphia

May 24

Minutes of Common council of New York City ended

May 27

New York virtually declared independence

May 29

General committees of mechanics demanded independence

May 31

Provincial congress called election of a new Congress to consider the necessity of a new government.

June 4

King's College used for a hospital

June 4

Washington returned to New York City from Philadelphia.

June 7

New York City Committee called for election of Harlem, Kingsbridge, While Plains, Peekskill, Highlands, Fort Lee, and Long Island delegates to a Provincial Congress to decide on independence.

June 11

Tories In New York City stripped, ridden on rails and put in jail.

June 11

Provincial congress told delegates in Continental Congress that they ere not authorized to vote on the question of independence

June 14

Mechanics union insisted that the people should be permitted to determine the question of a new government.

June 14

Continental Congress ordered New York to detect and restrain all internal enemies

June 15

Provincial Congress appointed a "committee to detect conspiracies.

June 18

American evacuated Canada to enemy.

June 21

"Hickey Plot" against lives Washington, Putnam and others discovered and crushed. One of Washington's bodyguards hanged

June 22

Arrest of Tory, Major David Mathews

June 25

General Howe arrived at Sandy Hook

June 30

Provincial Congress adjourned to White Plains

July 2

Delegates of all colonies except New York favored independence

July 2

Military headquarters at New York City favored independence

July 2

General Howe landed troops at Staten Island

July 4

Declaration of independence adopted by Continental Congress

July 7

Northern Army fell back from Crown Point to Ticonderoga

July 9

Provincial Congress ratified Declaration of Independence

July 9

Declaration of Independence proclaimed to troops in New York city by order of Washington

July 10

Voted, "that the style or title of his House be changed from that of 'the provincial Congress of the Colony of New York' to that of 'the convention of the Representatives of the State of New York.'"

July 11

Declaration of Independence read in White Plains

July 12

Lord Howe landed 9,000 British soldiers on Staten Island

July 18

Declaration of Independence read in New York City by order of committee

July 19

Declaration of Independence read in Albany by order of committee

August 1

Sir Henry Clinton arrived at New York from Charleston, South Carolina

August 20

General Sullivan succeeded General Greene in command of Americans on Long Island

August 22

General Howe landed 15,000 men and forty guns at Gravesend, Long Island

August 22-23

Flatbush, Long Island skirmish.

August 26

Valley Grove, Long Island skirmish

August 27

Battle of Long Island (Bushwick or Brooklyn). General Sullivan and Stirling taken prisoners and American defeated.

August 28

Jamaica (Brookland), Long Island, skirmish

August 30

Washington withdrew Americans from Long Islands to New York City

August 30

General Nathaniel Woodhull wounded and taken prisoner. He died a few days afterward.

September 11

Peace conference held on Staten island between Lord Howe and committee of Congress

September 15

New York City occupied by British

September 16

Battle of Harlem Heights; British repulsed

September 21

Trinity Church and 492 buildings destroyed by fire

September 22

Nathan hale executed as a spy

September 24

Montressor's island, skirmish

October 11

Naval battle of Valcour island in lake Champlain

October 12

Harlem Heights (Throg's Neck) skirmish

October 13

Naval engagement on Lake Champlain. Arnold defeated with loss of ninety men.

October 14

Crown Point attacked

October 18

British land at Pell's Point

October 21

Mamaroneck skirmish

October 23

Manhattan Island abandoned by Americans

October 28

Battle of White Plains, Americans driven back

November 12

Washington crossed the Hudson to New Jersey

November 16

Fort Washington captured by British; 2,00 prisoners

November 16

Fort Tryon captured by British

November 16

Fort George captured by British

November 16

Harlem Cove (Manhattanville) skirmish

November 16

Cock-Hill Fort captured by British

November 16

Washington left New York for New Jersey

November 30

Howe issued a proclamation of pardon at New York.



The History of New York State, Lewis Historical Publishing Company, Inc., 1927

This book is owned by Pam Rietsch and is a part of the Mardos Memorial Library

Transcribed by Holice B. Young

HTML by Debbie Axtman

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