The History of New York State
Editor, Dr. James Sullivan
Online Edition by Holice, Deb & Pam
|#1 William Jay, "Life of
John Jay," Jay Mss., Vol. I p. 72
#2 "John Jay Correspondence and Public Papers," p. 136, note.
#3 DeAlva Stanwood Alexander, "A Political History of the State of New York," 1-19.
#4 Ray B. Smith, "History of New York State--Political and Governmental." 1-65
#5 William Jay, "Life of John Jay," 1-41.
#6 Members of the State Assembly--First session, September 1 to October 1, 1777, at Kingston; January 5 to April 4, and June 22-30, at Poughkeepsie; Walter Livingston, speaker; John McKesson, clerk.
From Albany--Joseph Cuyler (resigned September 30, 1777), Jacob Cuyler, Jr., James Gordon, Walter Livingston, Stephen J. Schuyler, John Taylor, Kilian van Rensselaer, Robert van Rensselaer, Peter Vrooman, William B. Whiting.
From Charlotte County--John Barnes, Ebenezer Clarke, John Rowen, Ebenezer Russell.
From Cumberland--No returns.
From Dutchess--Egbert Benson, Dirck Brinkerhoff, Anthony Hoffman, Gilbert Livingston, Andrew Moorhouse, John Schenck, Jacobus Swartwout.
From Kings County--William Boerum, Henry Williams.
From New York City and County--Evert Bancker, John Berrien (appointed by Senate, vice Rutgers, resigned), Abraham Brasher, Daniel Dunscomb, Robert Harpur, Frederick Jay, Abraham P. Lott, Henry Rutgers (resigned February 16, 1778), Jacobus van Zandt, Peter P. van Zandt.
From Orange County--Jeremiah Clark, John Hathorn, Tunis Kuyper, Roeluf van Houten.
From Queens County--Benjamin Birdsall, Benjamin Coe, Philip Edsall, Daniel Lawrence.
From Richmond County--Abraham Jones (seat declared vacant June 8, 1778, for being with the enemy), Joshua Mersereau.
From Suffolk County--David Gelston, Ezra L'Hommedieu, Burnet Miller, Thomas Tredwell, Thomas Wickes.
From Tyron County--Samuel Clyde, Michael Edie, Jacob G. Klock, Jacob Snell, Abraham van Horne, Johannes Vedder.
From Ulster County--John Cantine, Johannes G. Hardenburgh, Matthew Rea, Cornelius C. Schoonmaker, Johannis Snyder, Henry Wisner, Jr.
From Westchester County--Thaddeus Crane, Samuel Drake, Robert Graham, Israel Honeywell, Jr., Zebediah Mills, Gouverneur Morris.
Members of State Senate--First session, September 9 to October 7, at Kingston: January 15 to April 4, June 22-30, at Poughkeepsie: Pierre van Cortlandt, President; Robert Benson, clerk; Stephen Hendrickson (March 11, 1778), sergeant-at-arms; Victor Bicker, doorkeeper and messenger.
Senators from Southern District--Isaac Roosevelt, John Morin Scott, Dr. John Jones (vacated from ill health, February 26, 1778), Jonathan Lawrence, Lewis Morris, William Floyd, William Smith, Pierre van Cortlandt (chosen as Lieutenant-Governor June 30, 1778), Philip Livingston, Jr. (died before second meeting)., Richard Morris (appointed by Assembly, March 4, 1778, vice Jones).
Senators from Middle District--Henry Wisner, Jonathan Landon, Zephaniah Platt, Arthur Parks, Levi Pawling, Jesse Woodhull.
Senators from Eastern District--William Duer (vacated at end of first meeting), Col. John Williams (expelled for misconduct--see "Council Minutes A," Vol. I p. 64, secretary's office, for an account of the attempt to remove him), Alexander Webster.
Senators from Western District--Isaac Paris, Abraham Yates, Jr., Dirck W. Ten Broeck, Anthony van Schaick, Jellis Fonda, Rinier Mynderse, quoted from the "Civil List of New York," 1888 edition, pps, 371 and 409.
#7 The Thirteenth State was Maryland. She did not sign the articles until March 1, 1781; consequently, until that time, the ratification by New York had no force.
#8 Smith's "Political History of New York," chapter XVI, p. 68.
#9 Ibid., Chapter XVII, P. 68.
#10 "Among the reasons for this action was the fact that the bill disqualified and incapacitated to hold office, or even to vote, all person who had since July 9, 1776, acknowledged the sovereignty of Great Britain, or denied the authority of any of its preceding congresses, conventions, or committee, or who should thereafter make any such denial. This, the Council held, was ex post facto legislation, it was arbitrary and unjust, it destroyed all benefit of repentance and possibility of reconciliation on the part of the former Tories who might have become good patriots, because the disqualifications were not limited to take place only on judicial conviction of the offenders, and because the disqualifications savored too much of resentment and revenge to be consistent with the dignity or good of a free people. The Legislature, however, repassed the bill over the veto, and it became law; and a few days later it also passed the other measure already mentioned, giving the Governor power to expel from the State persons and families regarded as disaffected and dangerous, a characterization which was, of course, readily applicable to all who were unwilling to take the oath of allegiance to the State of New York."--Smith's "History of New York State--Political and Governmental," I, 94-95
#11 Alexander's "Political History of New York State," I, 25.
#12 Hy, Cabot Lodge, "Hamilton's Works," III, 450.
#13 Ibid., I, 277.
#14 Ibid., I, 401.
#15 Dr. John Lord, "American Founders," Vol., XII of "Beacon Lights of History," p. 188.
#16 Ibid., p. 195.
The History of New York State, Lewis Historical Publishing Company, Inc., 1927
This book is owned by Pam Rietsch and is a part of the Mardos Memorial Library
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