The History of New York State
Book XII, Chapter 3, Footnotes

Editor, Dr. James Sullivan

Online Edition by Holice, Deb & Pam


#1 Roland Greene Usher, "The Rise of the American People," p. 171.

#2 Ibid., p. 172.

#3 Ray B. Smith, "History of New York State," I, 105.

#4 W. G. Sumner, "Life of Hamilton," p. 117.

#5 Martha E. Lamb, "History of the City of New York," II, 320.

#6 They relate respectively to: 1, freedom of religion, speech and press; 2, the right to established State militia; 3, the quartering of troops in private homes; 4, the security of persons against unwarranted search and seizure; 5, capital cases; 6, criminal prosecutions; 7, trail by jury in common law cases; 8, bails, fines and punishments; 9, the relation of constitutional and national rights; 10, powers reserved to States.

#7 In this important particular, the constitution improved upon the Articles of the Confederation, the chief defect of which was that it provided no means of their amendment save by unanimous consent of the thirteen States. To amend the constitution, however, ratification by only two-thirds of the member States was required.

#8 Lodge, "Hamilton's Works," I, 509.

#9 Alexander, "Political History of New York State," I, 40.

#10 Ibid., I, 49.

#11 Ibid., I, 51.

#12 Ibid., I, 52.

#13 Ibid., I, 52-53.

#14 James Schouler, "history of the United States," United States section of "World's Best Histories,"

Vol. II, p. 311.

#15 "Under Jay's humane plea for mercy the death penalty was limited to treason, murder, and stealing from a church. A quarter of a century passed before Sir James Mackintosh succeed in carrying a similar measure through the British Parliament." --Ibid., I, 67.

#16 Munsell, "Annals of Albany."

#17 Ibid., I, 80.

#18 William Jay, "Life of John Jay," I, 400.

#19 William P. Van Ness, "Examination of Charges against Aaron Burr," p. 12.

#20 Adams to McHenry, October 22, 1798.

#21 King to Hamilton, September 23, 1987, "Hamilton's Works," (Lodge).

#22 Schouler's "History of Untied States," II, 407.

#23 Alexander's "Political History of New York State," I, 86.

#24 The Political career of Ambrose Spencer is somewhat uninspiring. Henry Adams, in his "History of the Untied States," comments as follows; "Ambrose Spencer's politics were inconsistent enough to destroy the good name of any man in New England," (Vol. I, p. 1112), Erastus Root, in 1844, wrote: "I have no confidence in the political integrity of Mr. Spencer," who was then under consideration for appointment to the United States Supreme Court bench. Clay declared, upon the same occasion: ". . . . If Spencer be confirmed, he will have run a short career of more profligate conduct, and good luck than any man I recollect." But none could deny Spencer's "legal ability to fill with honor the office." He was an excellent jurist but an uncertain politician.

#25 Jabez D. Hammond, "Political History of New York," I, 132.

#26 Alexander's "Political History of New York State," I, 90.

#27 Ibid., I, 91.

#28 Henry Cabot Lodge, "Hamilton's Works," VIII, 549.


The History of New York State, Lewis Historical Publishing Company, Inc., 1927

This book is owned by Pam Rietsch and is a part of the Mardos Memorial Library

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