Genealogical & Family History of Northern, NY
Pages 455-463

William Richard Cutter, A. M.
Editorial Supervisor

Online Edition by Holice, Deb & Pam


SALMON. The Salmons were an ancient and chivalrous Scotch family who, during the turbulent period which culminated in the seating of Robert Bruce upon the throne of Scotland (1306), fought valiantly for the preservation of their national independence, and at least one of them, if not more, was knighted by that monarch. In the fourteenth century, the Salmons migrated to England, and settled in Scotland. In 1640 three families of this name emigrated to America, one settling in Massachusetts, another in New Jersey, and the third established themselves in Southold, Long Island. Among the latter was William Salmon, who married the widow of Matthew Sunderland prior to 1649, and had William, John, and other children. The family about to be mentioned are descended from John Salmon, who was presumably of the Long Island family.

(I) John Salmon, born January 8, 1730, married Jerusha Covel, born November 8, 1735. Children: 1. Hannah, born March 27, 1755. 2. Mary, March 11, 1757. 3. John, March 20, 1759. 4. Jerusha, May 11, 1761. 5. Margaret, July 21, 1763. 6. Beverly, see forward. 7. Daniel, August 28, 1767. 8. Elijah, October 9, 1769. 9. Charles, September 3, 1771. 10. Martha, May 10, 1774. 11. Susanna, April 17, 1776. 12. Elizabeth, December 8, 1778.

(II) Beverly, sixth child of John and Jerusha (Covel) Salmon, was born October 21, 1765. The christian name of his wife was Sarah (or Sally), and she bore him five children: 1. John. 2. Lucy. 3. Harriet. 4. Lavinia. 5. Fidelia. 6. Marcia.

(III) John (2), eldest child of Beverly and Sally salmon, was born September 9, 1801. He resided in Turin, Lewis County, New York, where he owned and cultivated a farm, and he died in that town, August 11, 1857. He married Lucretia McDonald, born May 14, 1808, died February 1, 1857. Children: 1. A son who died unnamed May 19, 1833. 2. John Henry, born May 30, 1841; married Lavinia Lee (see Lee III); died June 12, 1906. 3. Edgar Morrell, see forward.

(IV) Edgar Morrell, youngest son and child of John and Lucretia (McDonald) Salmon, was born in Turin, July 20, 1845, died March 27, 1910. He was educated in the public schools and at the Lowville Academy. When a young man he served an apprenticeship at the carpenter's trade, and settling in Glenfield followed that occupation in connection with farming. He took a lively interest in all matters relative to the

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general welfare and progress of the village, and was especially interested in developing its agricultural resources, having been a member of Glenfield Grange, Patrons of Husbandry; he was in every way a upright, useful and progressive citizen. In politics he acted with the Democratic Party. March 31, 1868, Mr. Salmon married Amanda Lee, born in Turin, February 3, 1847, daughter of John S. and Lucy (Hubbard) Lee (see Lee II). Mrs. Salmon was educated in the public schools and Martinsburg Institute, and studied music at Martinsburg; she has been a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church for over thirty-five years. Children: 1. Lee, born September 26, 1868; married Clara Foote, February 1, 1888, children: i. E. Mildred, ii. Lydia M., iii. Amanda C., iv. Leo, v. Muriel E., vi. Bernice , died in infancy, vii. & viii. Donald and Dorothy, died in infancy. 2. John, born December 12, 1869, died June 4, 1876. 3. Estella, March 9, 1874; married Eugene Dorr, July 6, 1891, one daughter, Margaret L. 4. N. Wells, September 23, 1875. 5. Pearl L., October 18, 1878; married Fred Blodgett, July 14, 1898. 6. Lucy A., June 11, 1881. 7. Susie, October 18, 1883.

LEE. The surname Lee, in common with those of Lea and Leigh, is derived from the Saxon word, Lay or Leah, meaning "the pasture or place". The Lees included among the ancient families of England. Launcelot Lee, a follower of William, the Conqueror, received from that sovereign as a reward for his services in the conquest a large estate in the county of Essex. During the twelfth century two families of this name settled at what became known as High Legh, in Cheshire. Lionel Lee accompanied Richard Coeur de Lion in the third crusade, a. d. 112, as commander of a select company of cavalries, and was created Earl of Litchfield for gallant conduct at the siege of Acre. In all nineteen gentlemen named Lee, Legh, Leigh, etc., were honored with coats-of-arms. John Leigh, of Agawam (Ipswich), Massachusetts, came over in 1634, and between the latter year and 1765 no less then ten immigrants named Lee arrived in America from the mother country. The family mentioned below are evidently descended from an immigrant who arrived at a much later date.

(I) Charles Lee was born upon the ocean, and his parents, on their arrival in this country, settled in Massachusetts, or Connecticut. He married for his first wife Susan Gilmour, and for his second wife Maria Waters. Children: 1. Sally. 2. Polly. 3. Edward. 4. Nancy. 5. James. 6. Pamelia. 7. Charles. 8. John S. 9. Olive. 10. Martha, died in infancy. 11. Lafayette. 12. Warren.

(II) John S., eighth child of Charles and Susan (Gilmour) Lee, settled in Turin, Lewis County, New York, and engaged in farming. He married, Lucy, daughter of Davis and Sarah (Prior) Hubbard. Children: 1. Angela, born April 29, 1846, died June 28, 1868; married Charles French, who enlisted in the Thirty-first Regiment, New York volunteers, for service in the Civil War. 2. Amanda, February 3, 1847, married Edgar Morrell Salmon (see Salmon IV). 3. Harvey, September 12, 1849; married Celesta Crandall, who died October 20, 1889, leaving five children: i. Raymond H., born august 29, 1873; married Anna Versmeder, ii. Florence, may 8, 1876; married Arthur J. Ingersoll, iii. Carmine E., September 4, 1877; married Charles T. Abbey, iv. Clifford H., May 1, 1881; married Rose Marion and has one daughter, Carmine, v. Robert E., august 14, 1884' married Mary Marion and has one son, Francis. 4. Lavinia, again referred to. 5. Susie, February 12, 1855, died July 27, 1886; married William Conger.

(III) Lavinia, named Lavinia Martin, for the wife of Judge Martin, the founder of Martinsburg, fourth child of John s. and Lucy (Hubbard) Lee, was born in Turin, November 16, 1850. She was educated in the public schools and at the Hillton

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Institute, Martinsburg, New York, and studied music in Boonville, this state. May 30, 1871, she married John Henry Salmon, born in Turin, May 30, 1841, son of John and Lucretia (McDonald) Salmon, (see Salmon III). After her marriage she ably assisted her husband in managing the Salmon homestead farm in Turin, for a number of years, and upon relinquishing that property they purchased the estate in Martinsburg known as the Alfred Arthur Farm, containing some one hundred and eight acres. This property they subsequently increased to about one hundred and sixty acres by the addition of adjoining land, and they gave their special attention to dairy farming, keeping an average of twenty-five cows. Mr. Salmon was an unusually capable, and industrious farmer who availed himself of modern agricultural methods, and he applied them with success. He possessed numerous commendable qualities, and his death, which occurred June 12, 1906, was sincerely regretted by his fellow-townsmen. He was a member of Glenfield Grange, Patrons of Husbandry, and in politics he was Democrat. Since the death of her husband, Mrs. Salmon has assumed the entire charge of the farm and is displaying much natural ability in its management. She was formerly a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, but became a Christian Scientist and is now a member of the "Mother Church" in Boston. Mrs. Salmon is the mother of three children: 1. Erdine, born December 2, 1875, married William Moffatt. 2. Ernest, June 14, 1877. 3. Grover C., August 29, 1886. She also has three grandchildren; John Moffatt, born in Martinsburg, April 19, 1899, Isabelle, born in Montreal, Province of Quebec, January 21, 1906, Gloria Lavinia, born in Martinsburg, June 25, 1909.

CRANE. The emigrant Cranes were descended from the Cranes of Chilton Hall, a moated manor of some distinction near Sudbury, Suffolk, England, fifty miles from London, and twenty miles from Coggeshall, Essex, England. They were lords of the manor, and the direct descendants of Lord Arundel's family, who inherit the blood of Charlemagne and Hugh Capet.

Dame Arundel's will was recorded and proved in 1521 at Sudbury, and is a curious old document. She bequeathed money for wax tapers for the day of her burying, and afterward to use at mass; also money for bills to ring dirges at her obsequies. "Her best blue velvet gown to Chilton church to make vestments for a deacon." "Her best black velvet gown, furred with marten and lined with velvet", fell to a lot of relatives.

In Chilton Church is an elaborate marble monument to the memory of Sir Robert Crane, who was knighted by James I. This monument represents Sir Robert in armor, kneeling with clasped hands; his two wives are represented beside him. They, too, are kneeling in devotional attitude, with clasped hands. The inscription mentions Dorothy, the first wife, who lived with her husband "in great love and amity, and willingly yielded up this life in expectation of a better, April eleventh, 1624."

"If thee reader with eies (eyes) dry
Then of marble art, not I."

Susan is the name of the second wife, but she has no poetry dedicated to her.

John Crane, a brother of Sir Robert, was clerk of the kitchen to James I, a position of much honor. A Robert Crane, of Suffolk, was chosen by King Charles II, 1666, to be made Knight of the Royal Oak.

The Cranes of England have borne five costs-of-arms, whether all of one family is uncertain. The armorial bearings of the emigrant ancestor of the Cranes are described in heraldry as Agent, a fesse or bar between three crosses crosslet, gules; crest, a crane. Only one coat-of-arms has a motto, that being: "Quo paset carvos non obliciseitur grus", which as inspired by a neighbor's motto: "Dens pascil corvus."

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Samuel and Jasper Crane emigrated to this country during the time of Winthrop's call to colonization. They lived at first at Braintree, Massachusetts, Jasper removing to the New Haven Colony, and afterward to Newark Colony, then called Milton. Samuel remained at Braintree, or Mt. Wallaston, now Quincy, Massachusetts. His son, Henry Crane, was born in England, in 1621, and came with his father to Braintree, where he was selectman in 1640 on the same board with Stephen Kinsley, who in 1654, was living at Dorchester, on a farm adjoining the homestead of his two sons-in-laws, Henry Crane and Anthony Culliver.

Jasper Crane was one of the prominent men of New Haven Colony in 1637, and one of the original settlers of Newark, New Jersey. He was one of the committee of safety to protect the New Haven colony against DeRuyter, the Dutch Admiral who cruised in Long Island sound and threatened the settlers. During the Revolutionary war the Connecticut Colony, to increase the facilities for coast defense, put into service three boats--one named "The Crane", in honor of the family who stood so loyally by the colony. It was sent to New York to assist in her defense under General Washington. Even the exact cost of "The Crane" has been recorded, 1013 pounds six shillings, ten pence.

Of Samuel's family who remained in Braintree, Elizabeth Crane, supposedly his wife, was a member of the Dorchester Church in 1641.

(I) It may be assumed that from 1641 until 1654 Henry Crane as living in Dorchester with his parents or relatives. He bought a farm of one hundred twenty acres in Dorchester, September, 1654, or earlier, and a road was laid our to his house over Milton Hill from Braintree to Roxbury through Dorchester on that date. The road was to the southwest of his house, and followed the "old beaten wave". This house was on what is now Adams Street, on the north side, at East Milton, at the read and between the houses of William G. Baxter, and E. B. Andrews. The Pierce house was built in front of it. that section has been known as "Crane's Place". He was part owner of the ironworks of Braintree and one of the workers. When the general court prohibited the holding of Indians as servants or slaves, he had a man, woman and child in his service, and an autograph letter from him to the general court is to be seen n the state archives (vol. 30, p. 239) in reply to an order for him to send away the three Indians. It is well phrased and written asking for or time to carry out the will of the court. The births of his first two children are nor recorded at Dorchester. He was a farmer most of his life. In 1685 he bought land of Moses Payn, inn-holder, of South Boston, and bought and sold various other lots of land. He was a prominent citizen of Milton, selectman in 1679-80-82; and one of the committee in charge of the meeting house. He married (first) 1665, Tabitha, daughter of Stephen Kinsley. She died in 1681, and he married (second) 1683, Elizabeth ----------------. He died March 21, 1709, at Milton. Children: 1. Benjamin, born 1656; removed to Connecticut Colony, was one who opposed Edmond Andros when he demanded the surrender of the charter of Connecticut, and showed his great independence by not marrying until thirty years of age, which was against the order of the general court of the colony. He was at the age of eighteen years in Captain Johnson's company in King Philip's War, and was wounded at the Narragansett Swamp, September 19, 1675. 2. Stephen , born 1657. 3. Henry, Jr. 4. John, born at Dorcester, January 30, 1658-59; married, December 13, 1686; residing at Taunton. 5. Elizabeth, born August 14, 1663; married (first) at Milton, May 23, 1682, Eleazer Gilbert, of Taunton, he died March 29, 1701, and she married (second) George Townsend, of Taunton, Massachusetts. 6. Ebenezer, mentioned below. 7. Mary, born November 22, 1666; married, March 28, 1690, Samuel Hackett, of Taunton. 8. Mercy, born January 1, 1668. 9. Samuel, born June 8, 1669, died September 14, 1669. 10. Anna born about 1670, resided at Taunton.

(II) Ebenezer, son of Henry Crane, was born august 6, 1665, and died in 1725. He enlisted with the company which went with Sir William Phipp's expedition to Quebec in August, 1690, under Col. John Withington, and was one of the twenty-nine men who returned of the seventy-five who went from Dorchester. For his service in Canada he has a grant of Dorchester lands, now Ashburnham, Massachusetts, and many descendants have liver there. He remained in that part of Braintree, now the city of Quincy. He married, November 13, 1689, Mary Tolman, born November 26, 1671, daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth (Johnson) Tolman, granddaughter of Thomas Tolman , who came from England in 1635, and was one of the first settlers of Dorchester. Children, born in Braintree: 1. Ebenezer, November 21, 1692. 2. Ezekiel, November 28, 1694. 3. Daniel, February, 1696. 4. Tabitha, December 27, 1697. 5. Mary, July 11, 1699. 6. Elizabeth, January 17, 1702. 7. Lydia, April 2, 1703. 8. Edward, August 12, 1705. 9. Henry, February 29, 1708, mentioned below. 10. Thomas, May 12, 1710. 11. Benjamin, October 22, 1712. 12, Abijah, November 2, 1714.

(III) Henry, son of Ebenezer Crane, was born at Braintree. He married Melatiah Vose, born 1710, died November 29, 1778, daughter of Captain Nathaniel Vose (3); Edward Vose (2); Robert Vose (1). Wife of Captain Nathaniel Vose was Mary Belcher (3); Samuel Belcher (2); Gregory Belcher (1). Children, born at Milton and Canton: 1. Elijah, born at Milton, January 29, 1727; mentioned below. 2. Melatiah, May 6, 1728, at Canton. 3. Vose, February 15, 1730. 4. Henry, born at Milton, February 18, 1737. 5. Mary, February 16, 1748.

(IV) Elijah, son of Henry Crane, was born at Milton, January 29, 1728. He lived at Milton and Canton. He married, in 1756, Sarah Houghton, born September 28, 1733, died 1819; daughter of Ebenezer Houghton (3), Joseph (2), Joseph (1), and Susan Evans of Dorchester. Children: 1. Ebenezer, soldier in the Revolution in Captain James Endicott's Company, of Stoughton, Col. Lemuel Robinson's Regiment, on the Lexington Alarm; also in Captain Peter Talbot's Company, Col. Robinson's Regiment, April, 1775, also in Captain Simeon Leach's Company, Colonel Benjamin Gills' Regiment, in March, 1776, and in Captain Robert Swan's Company. 2. Sarah. Children of Elijah and Sarah (Houghton) Crane: 1. Lemuel, born at Milton, March 18, 1757. 2. Sarah, born at Canton, April 16, 1761. 3. Elisha, born July 8, 1765. 4. Elijah, mentioned below.

(V) Elijah (2), son of Elijah (1) Crane, was born at Canton, 1769; married, December 6, 1787, Mary Fisher, of Stoughton, born 1772, daughter of Ezekiel (4); Elizer (3); Anthony (2); Anthony Fisher (1). Ezekiel fisher, Jr., married Sarah May (5); Nathaniel (4); Elizur (3); Eleazer (2); Samuel May (1).

(VI) Allen Benjamin, son of Elijah (2) Crane was born 1790, and settled in Edington, Maine. He married Mary Coggeshall, born April 1, 1793, at Taunton, Massachusetts, died 1875, at Oshkosh, Wisconsin. He was a farmer of means and influence, and a senator of Maine.

The descendants of two noble English families, one of Chilton Manor near Sudbury, one of Codham Hall, Coggeshall, in the adjoining shires of Suffolk and Essex, only twenty miles from one another, whose lines had been continued in America and had been instrumental in the settlement and development of the state of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut and New Jersey, and had been among the leading founders of Boston, Newport, New Haven, and Newark, were united by this marriage.

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Mary Coggeshall was a direct descendant of the Coggeshalls of Little Coggeshall, Essex, England. The manor in the time of King Stephen, a. d. 1135-53, was in possession of Thomas de Coggeshall, whose estates in the county of Essex, England, consisted of: Hoo Hall, Rivershall; New Hall in Boreham; Sandon, Shem Hall in Shaldford; Alresford hall, Packelsham, Banfleet Hall, Hackwell; Sturemere Hall; and their chief seat at Codham Hall, Weathersfield, two and a half miles from the town of Coggeshall.

Ralph Coggeshall, a monk, was at the siege of Jerusalem when captured by Saladin, A. D. 1187. He remained at Jerusalem until after the arrival of Richard Coeur de Lion, 1190, which turned the tide of war against the great Saracen chief. After his return home he wrote the "Siege of Jerusalem, or a Chronicle of the Holy Land". This work was published in London in 1729, and there are at least two copies in this country. King Stephen and his queen, Mary de Boulogne, A. D. 1142, endowed it with all the lands belonging to the queen and her son Eustis, situated both in France and England. A portion of the monastery still remains.

The Coggeshalls possess three coats-of-arms. The armorial bearings belonging directly to the United States Coggeshalls are described in heraldry as: Argent, a cross with four escallops, sable; the crest: an ancient helmet with a dexter arm louped, holding a sword. The cross, sable, indicates that they were Crusaders; the escallops that they made foreign voyages; the crest, a helmet and arms, indicate knighthood. They not only engaged in the Crusades, but in numerous wars on the Scottish border, and in our own War of Independence, and especially on many a hard fought field in the late War of the Rebellion.

John Coggeshall and Mary his wife came to New England on the ship "Lyon", Captain William Pierce, which brought a part of Governor Winthrop's family, September 16, 1632. Coggeshall, a man of means and distinguished consideration, was a member of the first board of selectmen, of Boston, a body which continued until the adoption of the city charter in 1822, a period of 188 years. He was deacon of Boston Church, under cotton and Wilson, and a member of the first general court of Massachusetts, that of May 14, 1634, and of several other general courts until the departure of Sir Harry Vane. Coggeshall was a favorer of Mrs. Anne Hutchinson, and, on the condemnation of that lady, with some of the most distinguished and eminent members of the colony, he was disarmed, disfranchised, and "had leave to depart." Once exiled from his native land for freedom to worship God, not find it in Massachusetts, he must prepare to move on again. with Coddington, then the richest merchant in the colony, and sixteen others, he purchased the Isle of Aquidneck of the Narragansett sachems and removed thither in the spring of 1638, and the following year founded the city of Newport. Upon the organization of the government under the first charter, May, 1647, he was elected first president of the colony with Rogers Williams, William Coddington, and others for assistants. He thus stood at the head of the party of religious freedom in this and all lands. He died in office, November 27, 1647, aged 56 years, and was buried on his estate, on what is nor Coggeshall Avenue, abut two miles below the city of Newport. Here also sleep many of his descendants, distinguished in the annals of Rhode Island. Children: 1. John, inherited his father's estate, and was in office a large portion of his life; died October 1, 1708, in the ninetieth year of his age. Their estate, with the exception of the cemetery, passed out of the family in 1802. 2. Joshua had a large property on the west road, partly in Newport, now Middleton, and partly in Portsmouth. He was one of the founders of Quakerism in the

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United States. He was a member of the Society of Friends, at least as early as 1660, when going into Plymouth colony, he was arrested, thrown into jail, and his horse taken from him, which was sold for twelve pounds. He died March 1, 1689, and his large landed estate, now after the lapse of 225 years, is yet in the possession of his descendants. It is situated nearly opposite the house from which Colonel Barton took General Prescott on the night of July 9, 1777. 3. Anne Coggeshall, married Peter Easton, son of Governor Nicholas Easton, and brother of Governor John Easton, November 15, 1643. 4. Wait, born in Boston, September 14, 1636; married Daniel Gould, minister of the Society of Friends, December 18, 1651.

Mary Coggeshall, wife of Allen Benjamin Crane, was a direct descendant of John Coggeshall, member of first board of selectmen, Boston, deacon of Boston Church, member of general court of Massachusetts, first president of Newport Colony. (For further data of Coggeshall consult: Guillims Banner Displayed, Boutelle's English Heraldry, Edmonston's Heraldry, Encyclopedia of Heraldry, Burke's Armory, Wright's History of the County Essex, vol. 2, Massachusetts Records, vol. 1, Rhode Island, vol. 1, and for the Norman branch of the family, see Gentlemen's Magazine, vol. 53, page 50).

Children of Allen Benjamin Crane and Mary Coggeshall: 1. Timothy Elijah. 2. Samuel Coggeshall. 3. Franklin, 4. Allen Benjamin. 5. Celia. 6. Mary, also three girls who died in infancy.

(VII) Samuel Coggeshall, son of Allen Benjamin Crane, was born in Edington, Maine, May 16, 1822, and died in Potsdam, New York, May 20, 1904. He was educated in the public schools of his native place, and at Foxcroft Academy, Foxcroft, Maine. He went to California in 1849 and remained a year. Upon his return he removed with his brothers Timothy and Allen to northern New York, where they lumbered in the Adirondacks and cleared a lot of land, called the Crane Farm, now known as Gale's. for some years he was in charge of the Hewitville Mill, near Potsdam, where he lived. He then removed to Potsdam, and there conducted a chair factory for some years. He was justice of the peace and member of the town board of Potsdam; a thirty-second degree Mason, member of Racquette Lodge of Free Masons, and Commandery No. 24, Knights Templar. He was a constant student f the Bible, bible history, and history of religious and philosophy. For many years he conducted a Bible class for men in the Universalist Church of Potsdam. He married (first) Mary Cummings; (second) Harriet K. Bissell, born at Cole Brook, New Hampshire, July 16, 18340, died at Potsdam, February 6, 1893, daughter of Emery H. Bissell, born September 29, 1803, at Cole Brook, New Hampshire, and Anne Johnson, born October 27, 1807, at Stratford, New Hampshire, died January 4, 1864; granddaughter of David Bissell (2), Mercy Bissell (3), Emery Bissell (4), Morgan Bissell (5), Olive Bissell; David Bissell (6), descendants of old Connecticut family. Anne Johnson was descendant of Edward Johnson, 1599-1672, colonial official and historical writer from Kent, England.

Child of first wife: 1. Louise, born May, 1850, married, 1870, Edward Hughes, Oshkosh, Wisconsin, children: i. Mary, ii. Harriet, iii and a son. Children of second wife: iv. Julia Ettie, mentioned below, v. Jessie Maria; married Frank Willard Moore, of Old DeKalb, New York, in the lumber business with A. Sherman Co., children: Barbara Crane, married John Lloyd, with "Morgan Sash, Door and Blind Co., " Oshkosh, Wisconsin; Mabel Jessie; Willis Merton. 3. Jerome Allen, of Brooklyn, New York; general manager of Manhattans drugs stores, of William D. Riker, and advertising manger of the entire Riker business; married Alice Whittaker, of Clinton, Massachusetts. Children: i. Mary Alice

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Whittaker, ii. Allen Jerome, iii. Edward Samuel Coggeshall, iv. Donald Francis. 4., Harriet May, mentioned below. 5. Daisy Anne, married Charles Hamilton Sisson, son of George Wing Sisson, Potsdam, New York. Children: i. Marjorie Crane, ii. Dorothy Hamilton, iii. Jerome Crane, iv. Sara Hamilton, v. Patricia Coggeshall, vi. Bessie, died in third year of her age.

(VIII) Julia Ettie Crane, daughter of Samuel Coggeshall Crane, born at Potsdam, May 19, 1835, educated in the public schools and the State Normal School of Potsdam; in vocal music, a pupil of Harry Wheeler, of Boston, Massachusetts, Manuel Garcia, the elder, of London, England, Madame Luisa Cappiana, Frank G. Dossert, and Oscar Saengar, of New York. Miss Crane studied school music methods, with Luther Whiting Mason and H. E. Holt, of Boston, and taught music in connection with regular grade work in the public schools of Potsdam. From this work she went to Shippenburg, Pennsylvania, where she taught vocal music and mathematics in the State Normal School, and later was given charge of all the music, both vocal and instrumental, in the same institution. After one year abroad and two years of private voice teaching she was elected to the position of teacher of music in the State Normal School of Potsdam, a position which at this date (1910) she still holds.

Finding the state appropriations of both time and money inadequate for the equipment of supervisors of music for the schools, Miss Crane added to the prescribed course of study such private lessons as she felt were needed by teachers, who were to introduce music into the public schools. This led to the establishment of what was called "The Special Music Teacher's Course", from which have been graduated several hundred teachers who were located in many states of the Union. The success of these teachers brought to the Normal School students from various parts of the country, and the advance of public school music led to the constant broadening of the course of study. These two forces soon increased the number taking the special music course beyond the capacity of the rooms allotted for it in the Normal School building, and Miss Crane purchased a building next to the Normal School, and named her private school, now with a home of its own, "The Crane Normal Institute of Music". The class work of the school is still continued, within the walls of the Normal School, the voice lessons and the business of the private school being carried on in the Institute building. This arrangement enables Miss Crane to supervise the work of her own school while carrying on the teaching of the music methods in the State Normal School. Many advantages come to the regular Normal students through the connection between the State School and the Institute of Music, as teachers of experience are always in attendance who are glad of the opportunity to test the new methods they are learning by instructing classes of students in sight singing, ear training or musical theory. Through this possibility of additional practice in music, Normal students have, free of expense, a course of study which fits them for the music of the grads, and ennobles the more musical ones to do departmental work in music, and even to teach all the music of the smaller school.

The Crane Normal Institute of Music sends out yearly from twelve to twenty-five graduates who are well fitted to teach or supervise the music in the colleges, normal and city schools. The music in many of the best schools of the United States is now taught by graduates of this school. The present faculty is: Miss Julia E. Crane, Director: Mrs. Harriet Crane Bryant, Voice: Miss Edith M. Austin, theory and History: Mr. R. M. Tunnicliffe, supervisor of Teaching in the Public Schools: Miss N. Cora Williams, Assistant: Miss Elva M. Harrowed, Secretary.

The students of this school have their Psychology and History of Education in the regular Normal classes, with the Normal School instructors.

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(VIII) Mrs. Harriet May Crane Bryant, daughter of Samuel Coggeshall Crane, was born at Potsdam, May 19, 1863, educated in the public schools, the State Normal School and the Crane Normal Institute of Potsdam. In vocal music she was a pupil of Madame Cappiani, New York City, Sarah Hershey Eddy, of Chicago, Illinois, Madame Frida de Gabelle, Ashforth, New York City, Dr. Frank G. Dossert (now director of the International Opera School, Paris), and Oscar Saenger, New York City. Mrs. Bryant taught in the public schools of Potsdam, in Grand Rapids, Michigan, West Bay City, Michigan, Wheaton College, Illinois, and Chicago. She sang in concert and church in Chicago and surroundings; in quartet in First Presbyterian Church, under Clarence Eddy, in quartet in the Memorial Baptist Church, Oakwood Boulevard, Chicago.. Mrs. Bryant is now teacher of Voice Culture in the Crane Normal Institute of Music, Potsdam.

She married Willis Merton Bryant, of Chicago, Illinois, born at Sycamore, Illinois, 1863; died in Chicago, Illinois, 1892, son of Dr. William Bryant, physician in sycamore; born in North Adams, Massachusetts, cousin of William Cullen Bryant. Mrs. Bryant has one adopted son, Howard Duane Bryant, deducted in the public schools of Potsdam, studied voice at the Crane Normal Institute, of Potsdam, and with Dr. Frank. G. Dossert, in New York City and Paris, now following his profession in Richmond, Virginia.

Howard Duane married Celeste Kerr, daughter of Rev. George Kerr, of Bloomville, New York.

For further data of the Crane family see "Memorials of Cranes of Chilton", "Genealogy of the Crane Family", both in the public library of Syracuse, New York, and other public libraries; "History of Old Braintree", "Records of Massachusetts Colony", "Records of Connecticut Colony", and "Records of the Settlement of Newark, New Jersey."


Lewis Historical Publishing Company, Inc., 1910

This book is owned by Pam Rietsch and is a part of the Mardos Memorial Library

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