The Pioneer History of
 Orleans County, NY

Table of Contents

Online Edition by Holice & Deb

 

CONTENTS.

Chapter I.

The Indians of Western New York -- Their Traditionary History -- Ancient Fortifications in Shelby -- their Friendship for the White Man in the War of 1812 -- fishing and Hunting.

Chapter II.

Phelps and Gorham's Purchase -- When Made -- Territory Included in -- Consolidated Securities -- Their Sale to Robert Morris -- Divisions of Their Purchase -- The Triangle.

Chapter III.

The 10,000 Acre Tract -- Boundaries -- Dr. Levi Ward -- Levi A. Ward -- Joseph fellows -- Transit Line.

Chapter IV.

The Holland Purchase -- Names of Company -- Location of Tract -- Surveys -- Ceded by Indians -- Counties in New York One Hundred Years Ago -- Genesee County -- Genesee County and its Subdivisions--Joseph Ellicott and brother Benj., Surveyors -- Agent of the Company -- Land Office -- Where Located -- Practice in Locating Land -- Articles -- Clemency of the Land Company -- Deeding Lots for School-Houses -- Land Given to Religious Societies -- Anecdote of Mr. Busti -- Rev. Andrew Rawson -- Route of Travel to Orleans County -- Oak Orchard Creek and Johnson's Creek -- Why so Named -- Kinds of Forest Trees -- Wild Animals -- Salmon and Other Fish -- Rattlesnakes -- Raccoons and Hedgehogs -- Beaver Dams -- Fruits -- Effect of Clearing Land on Climate --The, Tonnawanda Swamps.

Chapter V.

The Log House -- Description -- How Built -- Windows and Door -- Walls Raised at a Bee -- Chimneys -- Ovens -- Cellars -- Double Log House -- Copied after Indian Wigwam -- Fires -- Great Back Log -- Lights.

Chapter VI.

Log House Furniture -- Beds and Bedding -- Fire Place -- Hooks and Trammel -- Bake Pan -- Table -- Chairs -- Pewter Spoons -- Blue Edged Plates -- Black Earthen Tea Pots.

Chapter VII.

Clearing Land and First Crops -- Cutting down the Trees -- Black Salts -- Slashing -- Clearing -- Fallow -- Planting and Sowing -- Harvesting -- And Cleaning up -- How Done.

Chapter VIII.

Hardships and Privations -- Want of Breadstuff -- Scarcity of Mills -- Difficulty of Getting Grain Ground -- Mill on a Stump -- Fever and Ague -- Quinine and Blue Pill -- No Post Office -- Want of Good Water -- No Highways -- Discouragement from Sickness -- Social Amusements -- Hospitality -- Early Merchants --Their Stores and Goods -- Domestic Manufactures -- post Office and Mails.

Chapter IX.

The Erie Canal -- When Begun -- Effect -- Rise in Price of Everything -- Progress of Improvement -- Carriages on Springs.

Chapter X.

Public Highways -- The Ridge Road -- When Laid Out -- Appropriation -- Oak Orchard Road -- Opened by Holland Company -- Road from Shelby to Oak Orchard in Barre -- Salt Works Road -- State Road Along Canal -- Judge porter's Account of First Tracing the Ridge Road.

Chapter XI.

Railroads -- Medina and Darien -- Medina and Lake Ontario -- Rochester, Lockport and Niagara Falls.

Chapter XII.

State of Education --School Houses -- Description -- Gaines Academy -- Other Academies and Schools.

Chapter XIII.

State of Religion -- Religious Feeling among the People -- Ministers and Missionaries -- Meeting House in Gaines -- First in Country -- Building.

Chapter XIV.

Burying Grounds -- Mount Albion Cemetery -- Boxwood Cemetery.

Chapter XV.

Town of Barre -- First Settled along Oak Orchard Road -- Land Given by the Holland Company to congregational Society -- Congregational Church -- Presbyterian Church in Albion -- First Tavern -- First Store -- First Lawyer -- First Doctor -- First Deed of Land to Settler -- Deeds of Land in Albion -- First House in Albion -- Death of Mr. McCallister -- First Warehouse -- First Saw Mil l-- First Grist Mill -- trade in Lumber -- First Ball -- First Town Meeting -- Fourth of July, 1821 -- First Wedding in Albion -- Story -- Biographies of Early Settlers.

Chapter XVI.

Village of Albion -- First Inhabitants -- First Business Men -- Strife with Gaines for Court House -- Strategy used by Albion men to get Court-house -- First Court House -- Second Court House -- County Jail -- First Hotel -- First Warehouse -- Stone Flouring Mill -- Lawyers -- Dr. Nicholson and White -- First Tanyard -- First Blacksmith -- Name of the Village.

Chapter XVII.

Town of Carlton -- Name -- Lumber Trade -- First Settlement of White Men in County -- James Walsworth --Village of Manilla -- Names of Persons who took Articles of Land in Carlton in 1803, 1804 and 1805 -- Matthew Dunham -- Curious Mill to Pound Corn -- Dunham's Saw Mill and Grist Mill -- First in County -- First Frame Barn --The Union Company -- Death of Elijah Brown -- First Children Born in Town -- First Store -- Biographies of Early Settlers.

Chapter XVIII.

Town of Clarendon -- Difficulty in getting Titles from Pultney Estate -- Eldredge Farwell -- Farwell's Mills -- First School -- First Merchants -- J. and D. Sturgess -- First Postmaster -- First Physician -- Presbyterian Church -- First Town Meeting -- Biographies of Early Settlers.

Chapter XIX.

Town of Gaines -- First Settlers -- Case of Getting Fire -- Noah Burgess -- Mrs. Burgess -- Cutting Logs for a House -- First Orchard--First School House -- Drake's Mill Dam and Saw Mill -- Organization of McCarty's Militia Company --Their Scout after British and Indians -- Dr. Jesse Beach -- Orange Butler -- First Marriage -- First Birth -- First Newspaper in Orleans County -- First Tavern -- Store -- Grist Mill -- First Merchants -- James Mather Dealing in Black Salts &c.-- Business in Gaines Basin -- Village of Gaines -- Gaines Academy -- Efforts to Locate Court House Here --Trade in Other Localities -- Biographies of Early Settlers.

Chapter XX.

Town of Kendall -- Partitioned between State of Connecticut and Pultney Estate -- First Settler -- First Marriage -- First Birth -- First Tavern -- First Death -- First Store -- First School -- First Saw Mill -- First Public Religious Service -- First Physician -- First Highway from Kendall Corners to Ridge -- Biographies of Early Settlers.

Chapter XXI.

Town of Murray --Towns Set off -- First Tavern -- First Marriage -- First Birth -- First Death -- First Store -- First Grist Mill -- First School -- First Church --Sandy Creek -- McCall & Perry's Mill -- Sickness at Sandy Creek -- Biographies of Early Settlers.

Chapter XXII.

Village of Holley -- Areovester Hamlin -- First Store -- Post Office -- Frisbie & Seymour -- Early Merchants -- First Sawmill -- Lawyer --Tavern -- Justice of the Peace -- Salt Brine -- Mammoth Tooth -- Salt Port -- Presbyterian Church -- Salt Spring.

Chapter XXIII.

Village of Hulberton -- Joseph Budd -- Canal Basin -- First Warehouse -- First Grocery -- First Tavern -- I. H. S. Hulbert -- First Names Scio --Methodist Society -- Abijah Reed and Sons.

Chapter XXIV.

Village of Hindsburgh -- Jacob Luttenton -- Jacob Hinds and Brothers -- First Warehouse -- Jabez Allison -- First Hotel.

Chapter XXV.

The Town of Ridgeway -- Formed from Batavia -- First Town Meeting --Turner & White's Grist Mill -- First Saw Mill -- Dr. White -- Salt Works -- First School -- Biographies of Early Settlers.

Chapter XXVI.

Village of Medina -- Saw Mill by Land Company -- Evans; Grist Mill -- Canal Feeder -- Nixon's Brewery -- Coan's Store -- First Tavern -- First Merchants -- Physician -- Attorney -- Quarries -- Justus Ingersoll -- Baptist Meeting House.

Chapter XXVII.

Village of Knowlesville -- Wm. Knowles, Founder and First Settler -- First Clearing -- First Framed House -- First Tavern -- First Warehouse -- First Boat Load of Wheat -- First Ashery -- First School House -- Post Office -- First Religious Society.

Chapter XXVIII.

Town of Shelby -- Jo. Ellicott Locating Land -- Ellicott's Mills -- Road from Oak Orchard Road to Shelby -- Salt Works Road -- Anecdote of Luther Porte r-- Col. A. A. Ellicott -- Ball in Ellicott's Mill -- Abner Hunt -- Fiddler Hackett--First Physician -- Post Office -- Iron Foundry --Tannery -- Biographies of Early Settlers.

Chapter XXIX.

Town of Yates--Formerly Northton -- George Houseman -- Discouragement to Early Settlers -- First Deed --Tappan's Tavern -- Liquor Sold -- First Marriage -- First Death -- First Store -- First School -- Biographies of Early Settlers.

Chapter XXX.

Biographical Notices of Joseph Ellicott and Ebenezer Mix.

APPENDIX.

Towns of Orleans County --Their Organization -- Villages of Orleans County -- Table of Elevations -- members of Assembly Elected from Orleans County since its Organization -- County Clerks of Orleans County -- county Treasurers -- County Superintendents of Common Schools -- First Judges of Orleans County Courts -- District Attorneys of Orleans County -- Sheriffs of Orleans County -- Surrogates of Orleans County -- First Courts of Record -- Supervisors of the Different Towns in Orleans County since their Organization -- The Orleans County Pioneer Association -- First annual Address, Delivered before the Orleans County pioneers Association, Sept. 10, 1859, by Arad Thomas.

The Pioneer History of Orleans County, NY, By Arad Thomas, 1871

 

Transcribed by Holice B. Young

HTML by Deb

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