Livingston County was taken from Ontario and Genesee counties
in 1821. Greatest length N. and S. 30; greatest breadth E. and W. 28 miles.
Centrally distant NW, from New York 360, and from Albany W. 224 miles. The
surface of the country is in some parts hilly, in others quite level, or but
gently undulated. Flats of richly alluvion border the Genesee river in its
course through the county from 1 to 2 miles in width, but a gravelly loam
predominates on the upland. The great staples are wheat, pork, and cattle. Of
the first, it is estimated that there is an annual surplus of over a million of
The Avon Springs, in the village of Avon in this county, about 10 miles from
Geneseo, have acquired considerable celebrity. The first, called the New Avon
Bath Spring, was discovered in 1835. Its depth is about 36 feet, and the
formation through which the water passes is limy slate. analysis and experience
have fully tested the sanative properties of these waters; they are found
peculiarly efficacious in disorders of the digestive organs, rheumatic
complaints, and gout, and in many of the most formidable cutaneous affections.
The Genesee Valley canal enters the county at Caledonia and following the valley
of the Genesee, crosses the same near Mount Morris, and passing along the valley
of the Cashqua creek, leaves the county in the southern portion of Mount Morris.
Four miles south of Mount Morris village a branch runs to Dansville. The county
is part of the tract ceded to Massachusetts, and is divided into 12 towns. (
Historical Collections of the State of New York, Past and Present, Barber, John,
Warner, Clark Albien & Co. 1851)