of SOLOMON GOODWIN,
to Esther Rancier for contributing this wonderful and detailed biography
on Solomon Goodwin. Esther is researching in Richland and
Mexico the Soul/Soule, Brace and Daniel P. Smith families,
and would appreciate hearing from anyone researching these surnames.
Esther Rancier at: firstname.lastname@example.org
As usual, for more information
please contact the Town
Historians and Historical Societies.
Two Goodwin brothers, William
and Ozias, came to America from England on the ship Lion which arrived
in Boston 16 September 1632. That William was a passenger there is
no doubt, but Ozias’ presence is not clear. He might have been on
the same ship with his brother, but he was unnamed.
Ozias married in England Mary
Woodward from Braintree, Essex County. He was born in 1596.
Ozias was first noted in Hartford, CT in February 1639 when he was granted
The next several generations
all lived in Connecticut (Ozias1 William2 Nathaniel3
Abraham4 Nathaniel5.) By 1755 this line resided in Litchfield,
CT where Solomon6 Goodwin was born on 26 April 1755. When Solomon
learned of the Lexington Alarm on 19 April 1775, he joined the Army by
enlisting in Capt. David Welch’s Company. In May they marched
to Fort Edward on the Hudson River where they stayed until September.
In the spring of 1776 he re-enlisted as a sergeant in Capt. Bezaleel Beebe’s
Company. This force went to New York City and New Jersey. Solomon
also served several other six-month enlistments.
Later Solomon wrote his autobiography
in a manuscript. This work included a description of his own ancestors
plus his Revolutionary War experiences. The manuscript was last with
a descendant whose name is now unknown.
On 29 November 1781 Solomon
married Anna Waugh, daughter of Thomas and Rosina (Watson) Waugh of Litchfield.
She was born 11 March 1760.
In August 1802 Solomon and
Anna removed to an area then in Oneida County, NY about 31 miles east of
Fort Ontario at Oswego, NY. This wooded wilderness lay empty of human
habitation. Bears, wolves and other dangerous species roamed freely.
The Goodwins were one of the first families to settle in the place.
On 24 March 1804 the area became called Williamstown. In 1816 the
county of Oswego was created to include Williamstown. Solomon farmed
after he cleared the land, an awesome task without steel tools or horses.
Primarily the settlers used fire to burn away the trees. For boulder
removal they heated the stones to cause them to shatter apart. In
an area once covered by the ice age, plenty of alluvial stones remained
even to this day. Stone fences and stone buildings could
be built even with primitive tools.
Solomon joined the Presbyterian
Church as one of its first members. In 1805 at the first town meeting
he was elected an assessor and a fence-viewer.
In spite of the growing settlement
life remained very hard and isolated. Before 1835 he moved into Rome,
NY. On 29 September 1835 he died. Anna died in Rome on 22 October
Children of Solomon and
Anna: (All born in Litchfield, CT.)
1. Angelina Goodwin b. 22
Aug. 1782; m. Ansel Lovejoy; d. 18 Jul 1846. Issue: 8 children.
Angelina7 Goodwin, born
22 August 1782 in Litchfield, CT, traveled with her parents to Williamstown.
Another new family there were Obadiah and Tryphena (Waugh) Lovejoy also
from Litchfield. Angelina married before 1808 their son, Ansel
Lovejoy, a farmer who died about 1863. Angelina became the mother
of 8 children, dying on 18 July 1846.
2. Heman Goodwin b. 1 May 1785;
m. 22 Apr. 1813 Betsey Hyatt; d. 12 Nov. 1875. Issue: 11 children.
3. Sylvia Goodwin b. 26 Dec. 1787;
d. 8 Mar. 1790.
4. Rosanna Goodwin b. 16 Dec. 1790;
m. 19 May 1811 Samuel Plumb; d. 26 Sept. 1876. Issue: 6 children.
5. Nathaniel Goodwin b. 28 Oct.
1793; m. 12 Oct. 1820 Nancy E. Ensign; d. 3 Sept. 1855 Conneaut, OH.
Issue: 4 children.
6. Solomon Goodwin b. 4 June 1797;
m. 28 Jan. 1824 Hannah Noble Hamlin; d. 22 June 1857. Issue: 4 children.
Children of Angelina and Ansel
Lovejoy: (All born in Williamstown, NY).
Sylvia8 Lovejoy b. ca. 1808; m. Edward Roland. In 1850
Williamstown census 3 children: James
L Roland., age 13; Edward Roland, age 10; Sylvia Roland, age 6.
Children of Heman and Betsey:
(All born in Williamstown, NY.)
2. Leonard8 Lovejoy b. ca.
1809; Phebe/Phoebe Lovejoy; d. after 1880. Occupation: laborer.
In 1850 Williamstown census children: Elizabeth Lovejoy, age 20; Edward
H. Lovejoy, age 16; Andrew N. Lovejoy, age 14; Sarah A. Lovejoy, age 12;
Mary A. Lovejoy, age 7; Manda M Lovejoy., age 5 who was not included in
1860 census. Also in household father Ansel Lovejoy, age 67 and sister,
Nancy E Lovejoy., age 29. Net worth $100. In 1860 Williamstown
census: parents with children Edward Lovejoy, age 26; Nelson Lovejoy,
age 24 with his wife, Catharine, age 20; Alice Lovejoy, age 9; Chas. Lovejoy,
age 5. [Nelson & Catherine were also enumerated in a separate
household as Andrew Lovejoy, age 24, day laborer, and Catharine, age 20.
Net worth $25.] In 1880 Williamstown census: parents
living with grandson, Nelson Lovejoy, age 10; and sister, Nancy E. Lovejoy,
age 60. [Son Andrew N. using name Nelson Lovejoy, age 44, in
separate household in Williamstown with his children: Martha J. Lovejoy,
age 18; William W. Lovejoy, age 15; Francis J. Lovejoy, age 14; and John
H. Lovejoy, age 7.]
3. Tryphena8 Lovejoy b. ca. 1810;
m. Asa Lovejoy, Jr. In 1850 Williamstown census children: George
Lovejoy, age 13; and Anna J. Lovejoy, age 10.
4. Polly Lovejoy d. age 6.
5. Emily8 Anna Lovejoy b. ca. 1814;
m. John W. Chase. In 1850 Williamstown census children: George W.
Chase, age 14; John H. Chase, age 10; Albert M. Chase., age 4; and
Mary J. Chase, age 2.
6. Obed8 Lovejoy d. age 3 months.
7. Lucretia8 Lovejoy b. ca. 1821;
m. Ansel? Lovejoy. Unable to verify husband’s name. In 1880
Annsville, Oneida Co., NY census: Lucretia Lovejoy, age 59, living
with daughter Hannah E. Rice, wife of Charles Rice born in PA of German
parents and grandson Charles C. Rice, age 3. May have been other
8. Nancy8 Elizabeth Lovejoy b. ca.
1820; d. after 1880. Unmar. Resided 1880 with brother Leonard.
Heman7 Goodwin, born in Litchfield,
CT 1 May 1785, arrived in Williamstown with his parents. He married
Betsey Hyatt on 22 April 1813. His wife, the daughter of Roger Hyatt,
died 10 July 1864, age 78. Heman remained in Williamstown as a farmer,
living across the road from the Comstock family. He died 12 November
1875. Heman and Betsey both were buried in the Williamstown Cemetery.
1. Washington8 Goodwin b.
4 Mar. 1814; d. 28 Feb. 1815.
Rosanna7 Goodwin, born in Litchfield,
CT 16 Dec. 1790, accompanied her parents to Williamstown. On 19 May
1811 she wed Samuel Plumb, son of Samuel and Sarah (Plumb) Plumb.
Samuel, Jr. also born in Litchfield on 5 July 1788, was a blacksmith, dying
on 24 Jan. 1826. Rosanna became the mother of 6 children. She
died 26 September 1876.
2. Eliza8 Goodwin b. 23 May 1815;
m. 1 Dec. 1852 Edward M. Higbie; d. 16 Feb. 1864. Res. West Camden,
Oneida Co., NY. Issue: 2 children who died young.
3. Matilda8 Goodwin b. 17 Apr. 1817;
d. 20 Aug. 1821.
4. Solomon8 Goodwin b. 24 Feb. 1819;
d. 4 Jul 1819.
5. Mary Ann8 Goodwin b. 20 July
1820; m. 24 Jan. 1858 Abraham Allen Van Vleck from Kinderhook, Columbia
Co., NY; d. after 1891. Res. Williamstown. No issue.
6. James8 Goodwin b. 2 Aug. 1822;
d. after 1880. Res. Williamstown. Unmar. Occupation: farmer.
7. Lucy8 Goodwin b. 24 Apr. 1824;
m. 28 Sept. 1852 James H. Goodwin; d. 20 May 1875. Res. Dodge Co.,
IL. Issue: 2 children: Mariett [sic] Lovina Goodwin b. 6 May 1857;
m. Eli Hart of Burnett, NE; and Orlando Wellington Goodwin b. 19 May 1859 Unmar.
8. George8 Goodwin b. 22 May 1826;
m. _______; d. after 1880. Res. 1880 Liberty, Cherokee Co., IA.
Occupation: farm laborer. Wife died bef. Sept. 1873. Issue
2 children: Margaret Betsey Goodwin b. WI 25 Nov. 1866 and Mary Jane
Goodwin b. 20 Aug. 1868. Mary could not be found in 1880 census
only Margaret Goodwin, age 14, a servant in Amherst, Cherokee Co., IA.
9. Heman8 Goodwin b. 27 May
1828; m. 29 Nov. 1865 Ursula Eliza Comstock of Florence, NY; d. after 1880.
Ursula died 12 Jul 1885. Served Civil War Co. B, 32d Regt. NY.
Res. 1879-80 Roscoe, Winnebago Co., IL. Res. by 1891 Beloit, WI.
Occupation: farmer. Issue 3 children: Edith W. Goodwin b. 14
Mar. 1868; m. 27 Jan. 1886 Frank De Groff. Res. Ca. 1891 Roscoe,
IL; Myrtle C. Goodwin b. 5 Mar. 1871; and Tileston Goodwin b. 16 Sept.
10. Jane8 Goodwin b. 18 Jul 1830;
m. William Kendall; d. ca. 1876. Res. 1870 Neosha, Dodge Co.,
WI; res. 1880 Rubicon, Dodge Co., IL. Issue 1 child: Nelly Kendall
b. June 1873.
11. Abraham8 Goodwin b. 12 July
1832; d. 30 May 1864. Unmar.
Children of Rosanna and Samuel
Plumb: (All born in Williamstown, NY.)
1. Sarah8 Ann Plumb
b. 1 Feb. 1813; m. William R. Potts, a leading citizen of
Nathaniel7 Goodwin, born 28 Oct.
1793 in Litchfield, CT, went to Williamstown with his family. On
12 October 1820 he wed Nancy Ensign, born 16 April 1797 in Litchfield.
She was the daughter of Samuel and Abigail (Gibbs) Ensign. In the
1820’s this couple had 4 children according to the 1830 Williamstown census.
Around 1834 Nathaniel removed to Conneaut, OH where he remained until his
death on 3 September 1855. His widow, Nancy, went to Tekamah, NE.
In 1880 she was age 83 living with the Samuel Baldwin family in Blair,
NE. She became the mother of 4 children.
Williamstown; d. after 1880.
In 1874 he was a Justice of Sessions; 1877, Elder of Presbyterian
Church. Occupation: Carpenter & joiner. Issue 3 children
in 1880 Williamstown census: Minnie E. Potts, age 22; George R. Potts,
age 12; and John W. Potts, age 10.
2. Catharine8 Plumb b. 25
June 1815; d. 2 Apr. 1836.
3. Alta8 Margaret Plumb b. 22 Aug.
1817; m. Elliott B. Comstock; d. 20 Jul 1891, age 73. Comstock family
the first settlers of Williamstown. Living with family in 1880 census:
Tillotsen Comstock, a brother. Issue at home 1880: Maggie Comstock,
age 33. Alta M., Elliott & daughter Anna L. Comstock, d. 1 Aug.
1862, age 8, buried in Williamstown Cemetery.
4. Solomon8 Goodwin Plumb
b. 30 Sept. 1820; m. Juliette Parker; d. bef. 1880. Juliette res.
1880 with Vanranselor R. Potts, an in-law in Williamstown.
5. Samuel8 Ames Plumb b. 18 Jan.
1823; m. Huldah Gibbs; d. after 1880. Res. 1880 5th Ward, Rome, NY.
6. Rosanna8 Jane Plumb b. 31 Aug.
1825; m. Hamilton Gifford; d. 1850/1. Res. Florence, NY with
his parents. Issue 2 children: Electa D. Gifford, age 1; and Royal
Gifford, age 1 month who d. bef. 1860. Hamilton remarried widow Mary
Crawford listed in 1850 census in this household.
Children of Nathaniel and Nancy:
(All born in Williamstown, NY.)
Samuel8 Ensign Goodwin b. Aug. 1821; m. 15 Apr. 1850 Jane Browne McCarter.
Res. Erie, PA. Occupation:
merchant. No issue.
Solomon7 Goodwin, born 4 June 1797 in
Litchfield, CT, also came to Williamstown in 1802. He married 28
Jan. 1824 Hannah Noble Hamlin, born in Paris, NY on 26 Dec. 1793.
Before 1820 he went to Rome, NY working there as an carpenter and builder.
He was a deacon of the Presbyterian Church. He fathered four children,
dying 22 June 1857. Hannah died soon thereafter on 16 April 1858.
2. Solomon8 Goodwin. Family
seems to believe he lived in Los Angeles ca. 1875, but no documentary evidence
3. Frederick8 Augustus Goodwin
m. 10 Apr. 1860 in New York City, NY Margaretta Clarissa Burdick; d. Mar.
1874 at Tekamah, NE. Res. 1869 Fredonia, NY. No issue?
4. Abigail Ann8 Goodwin b. June
1828; m. 4 Oct. 1855 Conneaut, OH Joseph E. Cochran; d. 15 Mar. 1875.
Marriage failed. Res. with brother Tekamah, NE. Issue: Frederick
Goodwin Cochran b. ca. 1857 Conneaut, OH; d. ca. 1875/6.
Children of Solomon and
1. Francis8 Dwight Goodwin
b. 21 Jul 1828; d. 5 Jun 1831.
2. Henrietta8 Elizabeth Goodwin
b. 15 Aug. 1832; m. 3 Oct. 1854 William Townsend; d. after 1891.
His occupation: hardware merchant. Res. Rome, NY. No issue.
3. Edward8 Payson Goodwin b. 31
Jul 1832; m. 27 Sept. 1869 at East Burke, VT Ellen Maria Chamberlain of
Lyndon, VT; d. after 1883. Grad. Amherst College 1856; Union Theological
Seminary 1859; D.D. Western Reserve 1868. Pastor First Congregational
Church, Chicago, IL. Issue 5 children: Edward C. Goodwin 1865-66;
Albert Payson Goodwin b. 3 Jan. 1867; Grace Goodwin 1870-1870; Margaret
Goodwin b. 20 May 1876; Paul Goodwin b. 1 Sept. 1878
4. Albert8 Barnes Goodwin b. 4 Jan.
1836; d. 23 Nov. 1862. Unmar.
By the Williamstown 1920 census
no Goodwins were enumerated, but John H. Lovejoy, age 48, great grandson
of Angelina Goodwin and great-great grandson of Solomon and Anna Goodwin,
was still residing in the town. He was unmarried living with his
sister Martha J. Evans, age 57, a widow. She also was a great-great grandchild
of Solomon and Anna who braved the wilderness to begin a new town and a
new life in the just formed United States.
Churchill, John C. Landmarks
of Oswego County, New York. Syracuse: Mason, 1895.
Collections of the Connecticut Historical
Society Revolutionary Rolls and Lists 1775-1783, v.VIII. Hartford:
Connecticut Historical Society, 1901.
Family Group Record. Available.
[online] http://www.familysearch.org [21 Apr. 2003]
The Goodwins of Hartford, Connecticut;
Descendants of William and Ozias Goodwin. Hartford: Brown &
Johnson, Crisfield. History
of Oswego County, New York. Philadelphia: Everts, 1877.
U.S. Census Roscoe, Winnebago
Co., IL 1880.
U.S. Census Amherst, Cherokee
Co., IA 1880.
U.S. Census Liberty, Cherokee
Co., IA 1880.
U.S. Census Blair, Washington
Co., NE 1880.
U.S. Census Annsville, Oneida
Co., NY 1880.
U.S. Census Camden,
Oneida Co., NY 1880.
U.S. Census Florence,
Oneida Co., NY 1850, 1880.
U.S. Census Williamstown,
Oswego Co., NY 1830, 1850, 1860, 1880, 1920.
Rubicon, Dodge Co., WI 1880.
Williamstown Cemetery. Available
[21 Apr. 2003]
WorldConnect Project. Available
[online] http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com [20 Apr. 2003]
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July 2003 Esther Rancier
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