Biography of Jeremiah Legg, 
New Haven & Scriba, NY

Many thanks to Esther Rancier for sharing her information on the Legg family. Esther is researching in Richland and Mexico the Soul/Soule, Brace and Daniel P. Smith families, and would appreciate hearing from anyone researching these surnames.   Esther Rancier at:

For more information on the Legg Family, please contact the Historians and Historical Societies.

  8/14/2004    Obituary contributed by Dennis McLaughlin
In the 1850 New Haven, Oswego Co., NY census Jeremiah Legg, age 64, born in MA, a farmer worth $1,000, can be found listed with his wife Chloe, age 70, born in CT.  Also included was Henry M. Legg, age 21, a cooper, born NY.  Checking this family in the IGI at Salt Lake, Jeremiah was described as born ca. 1786 at New Haven.  His wife, Chloe, was said to be born 17 January 1780 in Killingworth, CT, who died in April 1861.  She was the daughter of John Buell and Ruth Wellman.

The IGI recorded four children for Jeremiah and Chloe: Lyman Buell Legg, born18 November 1816; Chloe Ursula Legg, born 16 May 1819; Ruth Jennett Legg, born 4 April 1822 and Henry Martin Legg, born 19 May 1829.  Both the IGI and this New Haven census contained a number of errors, yet both records are useful in part. 
 Reliable documentation established that none of this family were born in New Haven.  The 1820 and 1830 Ostwegatchee, St. Lawrence Co., NY census enumerated Jeremiah Legg and his family of 5 males and 3 females.

Other records like the War of 1812 Service Records from the National Archives reveal a Jeremiah Legg who served in the Benedict’s Regiment of the NY Militia.  Benedict’s men were nearly all from St. Lawrence County, putting Jeremiah into New York State early in the 19th century.  Historian, Crisfield Johnson said Jeremiah moved to New Haven, NY in 1833 followed by his son, Lyman B. in 1834 to Scriba, NY.  In the Index of Awards on Claims of the Soldiers of the War of 1812, Jeremiah received $33.00 from the State of New York after he moved into New Haven.

St. Lawrence County records reveal other Legg references.  War of 1812 Service Records note that a John Legg served as a Sgt., in Benedict’s Regt. of NY Militia.  His specific residence was not noted as the 1819 St. Lawrence Co. census was not sub-divided into townships.  This John Legg was a pensioner of the Revolutionary War where he served as a private.  In the 1835 pension list there were two mentions of him.  He first received a pension 16 July 1818 for service in the Massachusetts line.  His age was given as 71.  If the age was correctly noted, he probably did not serve in the War of 1812.  Rather his son, John Legg, [Jr.] might have.  But the age may not be wholly accurate as the next mentioned date of 4 June 1823 still gave his age as 71.  Finally his death was recorded as 10 January 1826.  Could this date be when he was 71?   These records failed to be specific. 

There were several John Legg’s who served in the Massachusetts line.  He was likely to be from Worcester County, the residence of much of the Legg family during Revolutionary days. 

 The 1800 Worcester Co., MA census listed a John Legg, but many facts remain missing.  It is not possible with the data at hand, to declare this John Legg of Worcester Co. or St. Lawrence Co. to be the certain father of Jeremiah, yet no other name presents itself. 

While Jeremiah’s antecedents stay cloudy, two sons of his removed to Oswego County with him.  Henry still lived at home.  Son, Lyman B. and his family were enumerated in the: 

1850 Scriba, NY census:

 Legg, Lyman B. 33 farmer  $2000  NY
 Julia                 30                         “
 Henryetta M.      1                          “
 Enos, Nancy     35 servant?        CT

 By the 1870 Scriba census the household was enlarged:

 Legg, Lyman          55 farmer        NY
          Julia             50                   “
          Etta              21                   “
          Jeremiah      84 carpenter     “
  Enos, Nancy         55  tailoress     CT
  Legg, Wm. B.         7                   NY

Jeremiah now said he was born in NY, not MA.  His wife Chloe, died April 1861.  The location of Henry M. Legg was not found.

 Changes were found in the 1880 Scriba census also:

Legg, Lyman        63 farmer      NY
         Nancy         64 wife         CT
         Ettie           31 daughter   NY
         Willie          17 son           “

Julia Legg died and Lyman remarried to a Nancy Enos, apparently.  Jeremiah also died.  Lyman continued to reside in Scriba, until after 1893.

By the 1920 Scriba census, William B. Legg, age 57, a single man was boarding with another family.  In the 1930 Scriba census, William B. at age 67, was still farming.  He declared that he had been married 26 years.  Going back to the 1910 Scriba census, the record for William B. showed he was divorced by his own statement.  He then was living with his sister, Etta M., age 57, and her husband, William B. Wallace, age 57, who had been married for 25 years.  Etta M. (Legg) Wallace, stated she never had a child.

William B. Legg’s divorced wife was apparently, Adah B. Marvin, born in Scriba.  They had at least two children: Eva Mae and Harold L. Legg.  Eva Mae wed Maurice C. Ballau. 

In the 1930 census for Irondequoit, Monroe Co., NY,  Harold and Eva lived together with Eva’s family at 57 Thomas Ave.  Maurice C. Ballau, 42, was the head of household.  Eva M. was 42.  Their children were enumerated as Barbara S. Ballau, 12; Janice Ballau, 11; and Jeanne Ballau, 11. Harold L. Legg, 40, born in 1889, resided with them as the brother-in-law.


E-mail from  dated 30 November 2003.
International Genealogical Index.  Available [online]  [12 July 2003] 
Johnson, Crisfield.   History of Oswego County, New York.   Philadelphia: Evert, 1877.
N.Y. Adjutant General’s Office.  Index of Awards on Claims of the Soldiers of the War of 1812.   Albany: 1860.
U.S. Census, Worcester Co., MA 1800.
U.S. Census, Irondequoit, Monroe Co., NY 1930.
U.S. Census, New Haven, Oswego Co., NY 1850 & 1860.
U.S. Census, Scriba, Oswego Co., NY 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1910, 1920 & 1930.
U.S. Census, Ostwegatchee, St. Lawrence Co., NY 1820 & 1830.
U.S. Senate.  Report from the Secretary of War.  Washington: Green, 1835.
War of 1812 Service Records.  Available [online] [12 July 2003]

8/14/2004 Obituary contributed by Dennis McLaughlin:

I came across you entry at    I read the Legg family history with great interest. I also claim the Legg family as an ancestor. Ursula was my great-great-grandmother.

Jeremiah and Chloe Legg's daughter, Ursula, married Charles S. Cheever. Most of what I had on the Legg family came from the obituary of Ursula. If you're interested, here is part of the obituary that was in the Oswego Palladium and the Mexico Independent:

Mrs. Charles S Cheever died this morning at one o’clock at the age of 70 years. She had been sick for a long time and had fought desperately against disease, but the ‘grim monster’ has at last conquered and she has left this world for a better. They were old residents in the west past of New Haven and had lived in that neighborhood almost all their lives.
Mrs. C. S. Cheever died at this place on Tuesday morning, April 30th, after a protracted illness at the age of almost 70 years. the subject of this sketch, Ursula Legg was born in Oswegatchie, St. Lawrence Co., May 6, 1819, and at the age of 14 came with her father, Jeremiah Legg, and settled in the western part of New Haven.

On Dec 25,1843, she was united in marriage to the late Chas. S, Cheever (Mr. Cheever died Feb 15, 1881, at nearly 66 years.) of the same town, by whom she raised three children, to wit: William M., Mrs. Lottie Larkin of Scriba and Mrs. Derosia. Deceased had been a resident of this town 55 years and in the house where she died, over 45 years. Mrs. Cheever had been a hard worker during her life, and we trust that while her labors have been for a home here, she at the same time sought to “lay up treasures in heaven.” During her long residence in New Haven she had endeared herself to the community in which she lived. Deceased will be greatly missed by her old neighbors of long standing, by the people of Dempster, by her daughters, but most of all by her son, Malcolm. He had been her companion since a child, and of late years a comfort in her decline. He indeed will miss his dear mother. Mrs. Cheever was a worthy member of New Haven Grange, and had often held leading offices in the order. Deceased was one of the charter members at the Organization of the Grange, No. 52, on Jan 16,1874 and had since that time been one of the interested ones. Her absence from our meetings and at our councils will be sadly noticed.

Here's a lengthy portion that described her funeral, apparently organized by the Grange.

The funeral of Mrs. Cheever was held at her late residence on Thursday, May 2d at 2 o’clock p.m., Rev. Holbrook officiating. an excellent discourse was given, the text Joshua 1-2, first part. 

Vote was taken at a special meeting of New Haven Grange to drape the hall in mourning, to conduct services at the cemetery, and that each member wear a badge and carry a bouquet of flowers, the former made of black and white ribbon to be worn on the left arm. In addition to the above, the 6 pall bearers had white sashes put over the right shoulder and fastened near the hip on the left side. Thus prepared 60 members of the Grange marched from the hall to the house, two abreast, the gentlemen in advance. At the cemetery gate the members of the grange formed in line two abreast, the sisters in open ranks. The hearse and mourners passed through and followed the brothers to within a few rods of the grave, the sisters closing ranks and following in procession. At a certain point the advance opened ranks, when the hearse, mourners and sisters passed through to the grave, the latter making a circle around it. The gentlemen, or brothers Grangers, then passed around in the same manner, forming the outside circle. The worthy master and Chaplin, standing at the head of the grave, got on with the ceremony as laid down in the ritual, which was very solemn and impressive. the Grange choir gave some excellent music, at the same time the brothers pass around the grave, each one scattering flowers. After the coffin which was beautifully decorated, was lowered, the sisters passed around in like manner, dropping their bouquets upon it. Worthy Master F. W. Robinson, and Chaplin, Sister W. W. Squires, read their parts splendidly. New Haven grange did itself credit in conducting its first funeral service. It was probably the first in the county. 

I have more information about her if you are interested.  Dennis McLaughlin at:  <>


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