110th New York Volunteers History

110th Infantry Regiment Reunion
110th Infantry Regiment Reunion

I have scanned an old family photo of veterans of Company B of the 110th Infantry Regiment, who served during the Civil War.  My ancestor, Jason B. Wright is in the photo, just to the left behind the gentleman in the wheelchair. I don't have the names of the other veterans, but can supply higher resolution copies of the entire photo or individuals upon request.  It would be great to identify the other men in the photo.  There is also a blurry figure of a woman in the background, who's face unfortunately has been crossed out with ink.  The back of the photo has:
      Mrs. Mary Wright
          Maple View
           New York

       Co. B. 110th Reg

This was originally written apparently in pencil, and later traced over in pen, with the words New York added, probably at the time it was traced.

Jason was born in 1831, and died in 1908.  His wife Mary died in 1918. He and the others appear to be in their 60's, so I suppose the photo was possibly take around 1890, but obviously no later than 1908, and probably no earlier than 1880.

I believe Company B was recruited primary from Richland, Albion and Williamstown.

Contributed Photograph By Steve Swales at: <steve at ews-inc.com>
 
 



This was generously contributed by Margaret Madden, whose ancestor, Patrick Waters, was a soldier in this regiment.  Margaret has written this history on the 110th NY, information compiled  from various sources, to include in her family tree.  See the Waters Family history.

Patrick Waters Regiment in the American Civil War

12/02 See link bottom of page for link to a musket belonging to this regiment.


110th New York Infantry Regiment History

Recruiting began for the 110th regiment in the latter part of July, 1862 in Oswego County.  $55,000 was raised to pay each volunteer $50.00, while the state of New York at the same time,  offered an equal amount.  The regiment was organized at Oswego City, NY, and mustered in August 27, 1862 for three years. The regiment left camp at eight o'clock on the evening of August 25, 1862 and under escort of the Regulars from the fort, the Oswego Guards, German Light Guards, Washington Guards, Fremont Guards and Captain McKinlock's company (already enlisted for the succeeding regiment the 147th) marched to the depot.  Business was suspended and more than 6,000 people assembled to witness the departure of the soldiers.

The regiment proceeded to Baltimore, Md., August 29, 1862, via Albany and New York. Attached to the Defenses of Baltimore, Md., 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, where they remained in Camp Patterson about two months, to October, 1862. They then embarked for Fortress Monroe, arriving on November 6th.  Here they were assigned to the Department of the Gulf, for the expedition under command of General Nathaniel P. Banks.  Banks' military career had consisted of losing to Stonewall Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley and losing to Jackson again at Cedar Mountain.

Going by water to New Orleans, the regiment embarked aboard the steamer "Ericsson" for Fortress Monroe, where they arrived on November 6, 1862. They remained at Ship Island nine days and then proceeded by steamer to New Orleans and were ordered into camp.  They were in camp a few weeks and then removed to Baton Rouge. Emery's Brigade, 8th Army Corps, to November, 1862. Emery's Brigade, Louisiana Expedition, to December, 1862. Sherman's Division, Dept. of the Gulf, to January, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 19th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to February, 1863. 

Ten days later,  in March 1863, they were ordered to Port Hudson, where they were present at the first bombardment of that place by Farragut's fleet.  Eight war-vessels comprised the expedition to Port Hudson; viz, "Hartford."  "Richmond,"  "Mississippi,"  "Monongahela,"  "Kineo,"  "Albatross,"  "Sachem,"  and "Genesse."    On the night of the 15th of April, 1863, all being in readiness, a red light from the flag-ship signaled the squadron to weigh anchor, and the steamers, followed by the four gun-boats, steamed along in the night.  They had not proceeded far, when  challenged from a rebel battery on the river-bank.  Battery after battery opened its fire.   In cooperation with Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s offensive against Vicksburg, Union Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks’s army moved against the Confederate stronghold at Port Hudson on the Mississippi River. On May 27, after their frontal assaults were repulsed, the Federals settled into a siege which lasted for 48 days. Banks renewed his assaults on June 14 but the defenders successfully repelled them.  In the assaulting column, four companies of the 110th,  A (Patrick Waters Company),  B, E, and I took part, under command of Major Charles Hamilton. On July 9, 1863, after hearing of the fall of Vicksburg, the Confederate garrison of Port Hudson surrendered, opening the Mississippi River to Union navigation from its source to New Orleans.  Estimated Casualties: 12,208 total (US 5,000; CS 7,208). 

The 110th  were also with Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks, as he launched an expedition up Bayou Teche in western Louisiana aimed at Alexandria. On April 9, two divisions crossed Berwick Bay from Brashear City to the west side at Berwick. On the 12th, a third division went up the Atchafalaya River to land in the rear of Franklin intending to intercept a Rebel retreat from Fort Bisland or turn the enemy's position. Maj. Gen. Richard Taylor sent Col. Tom Green's regiment to the front to ascertain the enemy's strength and retard his advance. On the 11th, the Yankees began their advance in earnest. Late on the 12th, Union troops arrived outside the defenses in battle line. An artillery barrage ensued from both sides until dark when the Yankees, many of whom were hit by Rebel cannon fire, fell back and camped for the night. About 9:00 am on the 13th, the Union forces again advanced on Fort Bisland. Combat did not begin until after 11:00 am and continued until dusk. In addition to Rebel forces in the earthworks, the gunboat Diana, now in Confederate hands, shelled the Yankees. U.S. gunboats joined the fray in late afternoon. The fighting ceased after this. Later that night, Taylor learned that the Yankee division that went up the Atchafalaya and landed in his rear was now in a position to cut off a Confederate retreat. Taylor began evacuating supplies, men, and weapons, leaving a small force to retard any enemy movement. The next morning, the Yankees found the fort abandoned. Fort Bisland was the only fortification that could have impeded this Union offensive, and it had fallen.  Estimated Casualties: Total 684 (US 234; CS 450) 

On July 9th 1863 General Gardiner surrendered his entire command to General Andrews of the Union forces.  At the surrender, the 110th regiment were present.

After the capitulation the 110th left Port Hudson, encamped at Algiers, a few days, opposite New Orleans and then embarked aboard transports for Sabine Pass.  Afterward they joined General Bank's Red River expedition to the Trench country which turned into a miserable failure.  Magruder drove him back; the expedition was abandoned.  The regiment  returned to camp opposite New Orleans,  and from there  they proceeded to Fort Jefferson at the Dry Tortugas, where they remained on garrison duty, having in charge about 900 prisoners. Among whom was the celebrated Dr Mudd, of assassination notoriety. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 19th Army Corps, to February, 1864. Key West, Fla., District of West Florida, Dept. Gulf, to August, 1865.

In August 1865 the regiment left for home and was mustered out on the 25th of that month.

SERVICE--Duty at Baltimore, Md., until November 6, 1862. Moved to Fortress Monroe, Va., November 6, then sailed for New Orleans, La., December 4, arriving at Carrollton December 26, and duty there until March, 1863. Operations on Bayou Plaquemine February 12-28. Moved to Baton Rouge, La., March 7. Operations against Port Hudson, La., March 7-27. Moved to Algiers April 3, then to Brashear City April 8. Expedition to Franklin April 11-17. Fort Bisland April 12-13.  Franklin April 14. Expedition from Opelousas to Barre Landing April 21. Expedition from Barre Landing to Berwick City May 21-26. Franklin and Centreville May 25. Moved to Port Hudson, La., May 30. Siege of Port Hudson June 3-July 9. Assault on Port Hudson June 14. Surrender of Port Hudson July 9. Duty at Baton Rouge, Donaldsonville, Brashear City and Berwick until October. Western Louisiana (Teche) Campaign October 3-November 30. Vermillionville November 11. Duty at New Iberia until January 7, 1864. Moved to Franklin January 7, then to Key West, Fla., February, 1864, and garrison duty at Fort Jefferson until August, 1865. Attack on Fort Myers, Fla., February 20, 1865 (Detachment). Mustered out August 28, 1865.

Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 14 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 191 Enlisted men by disease. Total 210.

110th NYSV
Nickname - Oswego County Regiment 
Recruitment Area: 
Company A - Volney 
Company B - Richland, Albion and Williamstown 
Company C - Orwell, Sandy Creek, Boylston and Redfield 
Company D - Hastings and Schroeppel 
Company E - Mexico, New Haven and Palermo 
Company F - Hannibal 
Company G - Oswego, Scriba, Amboy and West Monroe 
Company H - Oswego 
Company I - Oswego, Schroeppel and Volney 
Company K - Constantia, Parish, West Monroe and Amboy 
Dates of Service: 
Mustered in: 8/25/62 at Oswego 
Mustered out: 8/28/65 at Albany 
Colonels: 
Cheney AMES 
DeWitt Clinton LITTLEJOHN 
Clinton Hezekiah SAGE 
Charles HAMILTON 

Casualty Totals: 
Battle-Related
KILLED
Officers      1
Enlisted     5
WOUNDED DIED
Officers      1
Enlisted     9
WOUNDED RECOVERED
Officers      2
Enlisted   28
MISSING
Officers      0
Enlisted     9
TOTAL      55
Died of disease and other causes
Officers      3
Enlisted  191
As POW      1
TOTAL    195

TOTAL CASUALTIES: 250

More About PATRICK WATERS:
Occupation: laborer


12/02  I read with interest the information by Margaret Madden on the 110th New York Volunteers. I see her ancestor was in company A. I have an Enfield rifle musket which carries the inscription of the 110th NYV. The inscription can be viewed at the following URL.
 
The "translation" of the inscription is; gun number 21, company A, 110th New York Volunteers. It's interesting to think that her ancestor may have carried this musket. I am working on an article about this musket and would appreciate it if you could pass this e-mail on to Margaret as she may find the image of the
inscription interesting and we may be able to exchange a bit of information. 
Thank you, and kind regards, John Gross at: <confederate@worldnet.att.net>
*Note:  If anyone is interested please visit the website.  Great photograph.



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