John Gratton's Ledger BookMany thanks to BRANDON BELLINGER for contributing this Ledger Book of her Ancestor, John Gratton. There are lots of names listed throughout and this gives an idea of what business your ancestor may have been in. Here are the ledger entries for 1828. I have also attached a glossary (below ledger) to help define some of the words used in the ledger. Brandon Bellinger at: (firstname.lastname@example.org).
New Haven, NY 1828
auger - hand tool for boring: a hand tool with a corkscrew-shaped bit for boring holes, or a larger tool, using the same principle, for boring holes in the ground. axletree - shaft between wheels: a shaft that runs underneath the body of a vehicle such as a cart or carriage and connects a pair of wheels. bedstead - frame of bed: the structural framework of a bed, excluding the mattress and coverings. belt - band as part of machine: a band of strong flexible material used in machinery to transmit motion or power or to move articles bobsled - sled made of two short sleds: a long sled made of two short sleds attached one behind the other, used for recreation or for carrying things over snow. bolster - pad preventing friction: a pad or cushion fitted to machinery to prevent friction or give support. brace - clamp: a device that keeps something steady or holds two things together. cart - horse-drawn vehicle carrying goods: an open horse-drawn vehicle, especially one with only two wheels, used for carrying goods or as a farm vehicle. cutter - small sleigh: a small sleigh pulled by one horse, used in the past. drag - horse-drawn coach: a large coach, similar to a stagecoach but privately owned, with seats inside and on top and usually drawn by four horses. evener - pivoting bar on horse-drawn vehicle: a pivoting bar or set of bars on a horse-drawn carriage or other vehicle that equalizes the force of two or more whiffletrees (regional). felloe - outer-rim of a wheel, one of the wooden sections of the rim of the wheel. gig - one-horse carriage: a light open two-wheeled carriage pulled by a single horse. It was a popular form of private transportation in 19th-century Europe and the United States. grindstone - stone wheel for sharpening: an abrasive wheel that sharpens or polishes something. harrow - farm machine for breaking up soil: a piece of farm equipment with sharp teeth or disks that is used to break up soil and clods of dirt and to even up a plowed field. hub - central part: the central part of a wheel or a similar device that rotates. rack - feed-holding framework: a framework containing hay or other fodder for livestock. ream - form hole with reamer: to form, enlarge, or shape a hole with a reamer. scantling [skantling] - thin piece of timber: a piece of timber with a small cross-section, for example, a rafter. shoe - metal strip on sled: a strip of metal along the runner of a sled. sleigh - snow vehicle pulled by horses: an open, usually horse-drawn vehicle on runners, used for travel on snow and ice. spider - frying pan: a cast-iron frying pan, originally one with legs or feet for cooking on a hearth (dated) (regional) spoke - supporting rod for wheel rim: any of the bars or rods that extend from the hub of a wheel to support or brace the rim. stake - post to retain a load: an independent upright post inserted into sockets of a flat wagon to keep long loads such as logs in place. stave - band of wood: a long thin piece of wood, one of several sealed together to make the the body of a container such as a barrel sulky - horse-drawn vehicle for one person: a light open two-wheeled vehicle for one person, pulled by one horse. Sulkies are today used mostly for racing. tallow - fatty substance used to make candles: a hard fatty substance extracted from the fat of sheep and cattle and used to make candles and soap. thill - wagon shaft: one of the two shafts of a carriage or wagon. tongue [tung] - pole on carriage: the pole at the front of a coach or carriage to which the horses' harnesses are fastened. trundle - cart with wheels: a cart with small wheels. whiffletree - crossbar for an animal's harness traces: a horizontal crossbar used to attach the harness traces of a draft animal that is then attached to a vehicle or device. Also called whippletree, Also called singletree, U.K. term swingletree. yoke - animal harness: a wooden frame for harnessing two draft animals.