THE FRIEND'S SOCIETY
From the History and Directory of Yates County - Volume 1, by Stafford C. Cleveland
Like all religious organizations of the Protestant order, the Friend's Society had its nucleus or core of thoroughly committed, earnest and devoted members, with a further belonging of those who were vacillating and periodical in their attachment. Some run well for a season, and dropped off into indifference or positive hostility. Others yielded to the adverse influences caused by the land troubles; and the doctrine of celibate life inculcated by the Friend, was not one that could be popular with the youthful and ardent, whose lives were yet unscarred by disappointments and sad experiences. Hence, it occurred that comparatively few of the second generation united with the Society, and of those who did there were not may who lived through life quite up to the rigid requirements of the faith. The list of members given herewith, includes only those whose names were actually enrolled at their own request, and who remained throughout devoted and firm adherents of the society. Some of these never came to the New Jerusalem, but the most of them belonged to the pioneer families, and they were , as a body, people of the highest moral and personal worth. They were as follows:
William ALDRICH (husb of Mercy ALDRICH)
John BARTLESON (husb of Mary Bartleson, afterwards wife of Ezekiel SHEARMAN)
Samuel BARNES Sr.
Samuel BARNES, Jr.
Jonathan BOTSFORD Sr.
Jonathan BOTSFORD Jr.
Jonathan BOTSFORD (bro of Elijah)
Benajah BOTSFORD (son of Elnathan & 1st husb of Deborah WILKINSON)
John BRIGGS Sr.
John BRIGGS Jr.
Peleg BRIGGS Sr.
Benjamin BROWN Sr.
Benjamin BROWN Jr.
George BROWN (bro of James BROWN Jr.)
James BROWN Jr.
Samuel DOOLITTLE (was found a confirmed lunatic by the Friend, and after her discoursewith him became rational, and lived an inmate of the Friend s family about 50years, and until he died at about 70 years of age)
John GARDNER (supposed to have been the husband of Mary GARDNER)
Amos GUERNSEY Sr.
Amos GUERNSEY Jr.
Nathaniel HATHAWAY Sr. (supposed husb of Susannah)
Nathaniel HATHAWAY Jr.
Thomas HATHAWAY Sr.
Jedediah HOLMES Sr.
Jedediah HOLMES Jr.
Ephraim KINNEY Sr. (supposed husband of Elizabeth KINNEY)
Meredith MALLORY Sr.
Abraham RICHARDS (supposed husb of Sarah RICHARDS, and bro of Asa RICHARDS)
Asahel STONE Sr.
Joseph TURPIN was an early adherent of the Friend in New England. He never came here as a settler, but went to South Carolina where he amassed a fortune. He visited the Friend in 1802 and afterwards; and the Society several times after the decease of the Friend. He left$13,000 by his will to the Society - $6,000 to Rachel MALIN, and $7,000 to poor Friends. He was never a married man. Before he died, he liberated all his slaves and gave them good homes.
Eleazer WHIPPLE and Simon WILKINSON were probably relatives of the Friend s family. Stephen WILKINSON was the only brother of the Friend, known to have settled here with the Friends. He came very early and stated a nursery on the opposite side of the road from the Friend s house in Torrey. The trees in the Friend s orchard were all from this nursery and these were all slugg sweets, a good sweet apple of small size. About half the original orchard still stands. The reason they were all of one variety, is said to have been that the young trees were all suckers brought from New England, and not seedlings, which seldom reproduce the original fruit, or any number of a single variety. Stephen WILKINSON after two or three years returned to New England, came back about 1805, sold out his nursery, married for his second wife, Lucy, the daughter of Elnathan BOTSFORD, an amiable and interesting woman, and then settled in Genesee county. A son of Stephen WILKINSON by a former wife, Preston P. WILKINSON, now resides with John COMSTOCK, in Jerusalem, at an advanced age. He is an intelligent many and haw always lived unmarried.
Solomon INGRAHAM was the son of Nathaniel INGRAHAM, who commenced living in the Friend s family near Philadelphia, and remained with that family a very devoted adherent till 1814, when he seceded and turned against the Friend. He was about to join Daniel BRACKET, an eccentric religious zealot, when he was accidentally buried in a well he was digging, and lost his life.
The most of the male members of prominence were heads of families and are noticed in their order, chiefly in the towns of Milo, Jerusalem and Torrey as pioneer settlers.
The Faithful Sisterhood (pg86) - There was a remarkable feature in the Universal Friend s Society, and probably the most effective result of her spiritual ministrations, in the number of respectable and truly excellent women, who, as persistent celebrated, adhered to her teachings. Some of these lived on her domain and some in her family, and all were true and consistent representatives of her doctrine. Representing chastity and purity of life, they proved not only their own faith by their life, but that the affective sex, are the best examples of morality if not of religion. In this respect they were the jewels of the Friends coronet. They justified the faith she reposed in female integrity and character, and the partiality it is claimed she manifested for women as controllers of all social and domestic concerns. Their record, as abiding and conscientious devotees of the faith they adopted, is certainly much brighter than that of the masculine portion of the Society; for few of the latter adhered with like fidelity to the Friend s doctrine to the end. Perhaps this may be met by a wicked sneer to the effect that celibacy or its opposite was not equally a question of choice with the gentle sex as with the brethren of the fold.
It is quite clear, form all the facts within our reach, that there was very little if any constraint to single life, other than voluntary choice among these worthy and true hearted women. Besides, temptation is common to all, and there is no such thing as a life of preserving, indomitable virtue, without unwavering devotion to a lofty ideal, and the constant cultivation of the purest and sweetest sentiments of the heart. That sexual asceticism is essential to the best results of spiritual culture, is not a question to be discussed here. The Bible inculcates it very distinctly, and the Friend and her earnest disciples endeavored to be faithful exponents of the Bible teaching. The following members of the Society belong to the group, which may properly be ranks as the FAITHFUL SISTERHOOD.
Sarah RICHARDS, whose maiden name was Sarah SKILTON, was a woman of superior mind and pure character. She and her husband became members of the Friend s Society in Connecticut, or interests in her religious teaching. While they were on a visit to the Friend in Rhode Island, he died, and Sarah at once became an inmate of the Friend s household, and while she lived, the Friend desired to keep aloof form direct responsibility for worldly affairs, Sarah RICHARD. She came her agent to hold in trust, her property. She co-operated faithfully with the Friend in all their works, whether of religious propagandism or family and society support, and the final great enterprise of founding a new society in the wilderness. It was to her that all the possessions of the Friend were deeded in New Jerusalem, and by and through her that most of the business was performed till the period of her death, which occurred in 1793.
Mehitable SMITH was the sister of Richard SMITH. She was an inmate of the Friend s family and a person of pure and estimable character. She was very affectionately regarded by the Friend and Sarah RICHARDS, and much esteemed by the Society. She lived unmarried, and died at the Friend s house in 1792.
Anna WAGENER was a sister of David WAGENER. She was intelligent, well educated and wealthy. She aided with her means in the construction of the Friend s house in the first settlement and lived there some time after the Friend moved to Jerusalem. Afterwards she became the owner of several hundred acres of land in Jerusalem, and lived on the place where Watkins DAVIS now resides, and died there unmarried a few years later than the Friend, at an advanced age. She was remarkable for her sincerity of character and strong religious sentiment, and was highly respected by all that knew her.
Lucy BROWN was the sister of Susannah and Temperance BROWN and of Daniel BROWN Sr., of the Friend s Society. She was a person of the highest moral worth and one of the first characters in the Society. She lived on the corner a little south of the residence of Watkins DACIS, where her house, built by herself, still stands. Her residence was on the Friend s land, where she led her single life and supported herself by making butter and cheese and other little industries. She lived to be quite aged and survived the Friend several years.
Patience WILKINSON, an elder sister of the Friend, married Thomas Hazard POTTER, a brother of Judge Arnold POTTER. Her husband died about 1804, and she afterward resided with her son in law, Job BRIGGS of Potter. She survived her husband about a dozen years. Her body, at her own request, was placed in the old vault of the Friend. Her funeral discourse was preached by the Friend, and it was the last funeral at which she officiated. Patience, was a highly estimable woman and was greatly devoted to the Friend.
Alice HAZARD was generally called Elsie HAZARD. She was a daughter of Judge William POTTER and married George HAZARD. She visited the Friend several times in Pennsylvania, and in 1790 arrived there again a few days after the Friend, and her retinue, including Mrs. HAZARD S daughter, had left for the Genesee country. She followed on horseback, making the whole wilderness journey alone, on the tract of the company of which she was in pursuit, and arrived simultaneously with them. They had but barely reached their destination, when speaking of her, some one of the party remarked, we have come to a place now where Elsie can t find us. Almost at that instant she made her appearance, to their intense astonishment. They could hardly believe their senses when she stood before them. She made the same journey on horseback three times, the last time bringing her son, 8 years old, behind her. Dr. Briton W. HAZARD, and Mrs. Asa RUSSEL were her children. Her husband died in Rhode Island before her first visit to the New Jerusalem. She was a very warm adherent of the Friend, to whom she was always true, and she was a talented, intelligent and highly respected woman. For a time she lived with her two daughters, Martha and Penelope. Martha married Asa RUSSELL and Penelope died. Mrs. HAZARD then lived some years in Larzelere s Hollow, with her nephew, William POTTER, and finally made her home with her surviving daughter, where she died well advanced in years.
Lucinda GOODSPEED had a home on the Friend s domain, a short distance south of Lucy BROWN and Anna WAGENER, below the highway. She was a maiden lady, an excellent woman and a zealous Friend. She took part in the public meetings, was a person of intelligence and active life, and died at an advanced age.
Susannah SPENCER came early to the country with the Friends, a widow, and sister of the elder Peleg BRIGGS. She had a house in the valley north of the Friend s, a little southwest of Moses HARTWELL S residence and west of the valley road. She was a mother in the Society and greatly esteemed. In the course of the struggle in regard to the land titles, she was ejected from her home and her house was burned. She outlived the Friend a short time, and died upwards of 90years old.
Martha REYNOLDS was another faithful spinster of the Friend s Society. Martha and her sister came with the earliest migration and lived at Nichols Corners till Sarah married Enoch SHEARMAN. Then Martha went to Jerusalem, and built a house on the Friend s land, about forty rods west of Lucy BROWN S, on the south side of the road, as it now runs. She made butter and cheese, and supported herself quite independently. She was an estimable person of very capable mind, and much beloved in the Society. She lived to be quite old, and became palsied, after which one John KRITSON worked the land for her. She died about 1844.
Patience ALLEN was from New London, Connecticut and came with the first settlers, was greatly respected in the Society and was a diligent, intelligent and worthy woman. She kept house a few years for Samuel BARNES Jr., and was afterwards a member of the Friend s household. She survived the Friend about 14 years and died an unmarried woman.
Hannah BALDWIN was also an early member of the Society, who came with the first tide of settlement. She was distantly connected with the COMSTOCKS, and was a devoted, consistent and good woman, living singly through life. She was very prominent in the Society and much respected. She maintained herself on the Friend s land by her own industry, making butter and cheese, with little farming operations. Her house was eastward of the creek from the Friend s house, on the north side of the road. She survived the Friend about 25 years, and died at a very advanced age. She was remarkable for her youthful and fresh appearance even in old age.
Sarah and Mary BRIGGS, sisters of Peleg BRIGGS Jr., were always great favorites of the Friend, and devotedly religious women. They inhabited a log house about a mile south of the Friend s in Jerusalem, and afterwards built a frame house on the west side of the road which still stands. That house was built for them by Abraham PROSSER, the father of David B. PROSSER. These were excellent women and lived to be very aged. Sarah, who outlived her sister a long while, was very old at her decease. They too, exalted the doctrine of celibacy by lives of industry, piety and devotion.
and Phoebe COGSWELL, two spinster sisters, came with the pioneers to the New
Jerusalem, living near the Friend s Mills in the early settlement, and were
pious and devoted Friends. Lydia,
the most talented, was a leading woman in the Society. She died before 1800 in the Friend s Settlement and Phoebe , after
the death of her sister, lived near Mary HOLMES in Jerusalem, and still later in
the Friend s family. She survived
the Friend several years, and died at the age of 100 years.
**contributed by Mallory Smith (please contact Mallory directly on thesefamily lines)
(5) Major Benajah Mallory (Malory) 1 May 1764 Bennington, Vt. Moved from NY State to Burford Twp, Brant Co. Ont, Canada 1793 where his father-in-law hoped to start anew religious town to be named New Jerusalem. Upper Canada Land Book C 5 Jun1797 30 Jun 1797 Benajah Mallory praying for 1200 acres as one of the original associates for settling the township of Burford, and for a further delay to settle the same. Recommended for 1200 acres including former grants, and his wife recommended for 200 acres. The un-located parts of the township to be thrown open to other applicants
After leaving Upper Canada to fight in the War of 1812 on the US side, he later lived in Lockport, Niagara Co. NY and was living there when his brother, Gill, died in Benjamin s home. 1840 Census of Lockport Village" age (See Dictionary of Canadian Biography) d 9 or 16 Aug 1853 a soldier in the Rev War and War of 1812 = (1) Abiah Dayton (Abraham Dayton 14 Sep 1745 New Milford, Ct d 1 Mar 1797Burford Twp = Abigail Coggswell 13 Aug 1750 Preston Ct d 4 Aug 1843 Gananoque,Ont, CN) (Abraham Dayton 18 Aug 1719 Newton, Fairfield Ct d 1 Mar 1797 Burford CN = Abiah Beardsley 16 Sep 1725 Fairfield) (Nathan Beardsley 7 Oct 1686 Stratford Ct = Elizabeth Hubbell 23 Oct 1689) (1820 Old Burned Over District Census The Old Genesee County West of Seneca Lake Benajah Mallory) (2) 13 May 1852 Sally (Wright) Jefferson (widow William Jefferson) 15 Mar1784 d 10 Apr 1889 ae 106th year Des Moines IA
Mallory, Benajah - Praying for 1200 acres as one of the original associates for settling the township of
Abraham Dayton's wife, was Abigail Cogswell. She married
second to Col. Joel Stone and lived in Simcoe, Ontario.
** Abraham Dayton's wife, was Abigail Cogswell. She married second to Col. Joel Stone and lived in Simcoe, Ontario.
Meredith Mallory's descendants married Hendersons.
Richard HENDERSON was born in Ireland, March 17, 1767, and died January 23, 1850.
His wife, Anna WAGENER, was born September 10, 1777 and died November 13,1864.
Samuel, born March 5, 1797, married Harriet ARNOT and died April 12, 1834;
David, born December 25, 1798, married December 9, 1819, died February 18, 1883;
Maria, born August 11, 1800, married Samuel GILLETTE, May 9, 1820 and died April 6, 1886;
Mary, born March 16, 1803, married Johnson A. NICHOLS, died April 16, 1889;
Rebecca, born November 8, 1805, married George NICHOLS first and afterwards Nehemiah RAPLEE, lives at Bath; Elizabeth born January 14, 1809, married Caleb J. LEGG, lives in Torrey;
Richard, born January 15, 1810, died May 15, 1864; Anna B., born July 11, 1812, married Barnum MALLORY, lives in Illinois.
Jane, born June 1, 1814, married Smith L. Mallory, lives west;
Harriet, born November17, 1816, married Louis MILLARED, lives in Dundee;
James W., born March 19, 1819, married Martha A. DRAKE and lives at Milo Center;
Rachel, born July 9, 1821, married James C. LONGWELL, lives at Penn Yan.
Children of Richard and Rosalinda HENDERSON: Samuel S., born October 9,1836; Charles, born February 27, 1838, died May 28, 1872; Marvin and Marsden, born April 2, 1842; James A., born October 6, 1845.
Richard HENDERSON, the pioneer, settled between Milo Center and Himrod about the year 1795.
Mary GARDNER came with the earliest settlers; was a widow, a sister of Martha REYNOLDS and Mrs. Stephen CARD, and the mother of Abner and George GARDNER. She was the mother of an important family, a devoted Friend, and a woman of remarkable and excellent traits of character. She lived with her sons and finally with her granddaughter in Jerusalem, where she died in 1848 at the age of 94 years.
Mary HUNT was the daughter of the elder Adam HUNT; lived unmarried and was a devoted adherent of the Friend. She was housekeeper for Silas P. SPINK for many years, and died at his house. She was an excellent and highly esteemed woman.
Lydia DAVIS was a daughter of John DAVIS, and a sister of Jonathan DAVID. She came early with the Friends from Pennsylvania, and lived with her parents in Jerusalem. Shed died about 60 years of age, her death preceding that of her parents. She was a good woman and a steadfast Friend.
Eunice HATHAWAY was from New Bedford. She and her mother, Freelove HATHAWAY, came early and lived in the log part, that then was, of the Friend s house, now standing in Torrey, and there the mother died. Eunice, for some time, lived with Mary HOLMES, and was afterwards a member of the Friend s household. She was a much respected woman, and survived the Friend a few years.
Susannah HATHAWAY was a widow who kept house for Jacob WAGENER, on Long Point, till about 1800. She then lived with her son, Nathaniel, a shoemaker, in the Log Meeting House, and afterwards in a house belonging to Benedict ROBINSON. The son, under the ministration and counsel of the Friend, had a very bright religious experience and died about 1811. The Friend preached the funeral discourse at the house of Benedict ROBINSON. The mother was a devoted and worthy woman and died soon after.
Mary HATHAWAY was the widow of James HATHAWAY, a brother of Thomas HATHAWAY Sr. They settled near the west branch of Keuka Lake on the east side, where he erected a log house and made considerable improvement. They had a son, an only child, named Hunnewell, a young man who was capsized in a canoe on the lake in a violent wind. He called, Help! Help! . As the dog s name was Help, it was supposed to be a call for the dog. When rescued he was so chilled he could not be restored. This was in 1794, and the first death in the township. The father died two years later, after building the first vault for the Friend, in which his own body was laid. The widow remained a prot g of the Friend, whom she survived a few years. She lived in the old house of the Friend after the removal of the friend to the large mansion. She was a woman of excellent character.
Lavina DAINS was a daughter of Jonathan DAINS Sr. She came with her father in 1784 and was a thoroughly devoted adherent of the Friend, always remaining single. She was for a long time an inmate of the Friend s family, and finally lived with her nephew, John DAINS of Jerusalem, where she died at the age of 90 years. It was Lavina that pitched the constable out doors with his raiment somewhat tattered, when he attempted to arrest the Friend for blasphemy.
Elizabeth CARR was a widow and a relative of the HAVENS family of Benton. She came with the earlier settlers, making her home with the Friends. Was an inmate of the Friend s family most of the time, and died about1833. She was called Mother CARR , in the Society, and was very kindly regarded by all.
Anna STYER was a relative of the WAGENERS and SUPPLEES, and resided at first with Anna WAGENER, and afterwards with the Friend, and other families of the Society. She was an agreeable person, but subject to an occasional alienation of mind, and fits of melancholy and self-reproach. She died about 1815, while living with Lucina GOODSPEED upward of 60years.
Sarah CLARK was from Boston, a widow lady of character and ability, with no known relatives in the Society or settlement. She was one of the early comers and kept house for Thomas HATHAWAY Sr. At his death, he left her by will, 300 acres of land, of which Beloved LUTHER bought a part just east of Simeon COLE S. She lived for a time in the house where Thomas HATHAWAY died, and finally in one part of the double log house where Hannah BALDWIN resided. In old age she resided with Beloved LUTHER and died at the age of 96years. She too was one of the most faithful of the Friends.
Mary HOLMES was a sister of Jedediah HOLMES. She was quite independent in property and lived at first in the early settlement of the Friends, and afterwards till she died, a little way south of Moses HARTWELL S just east of the creek, where she kept house mostly by herself, always living singly. She died at a very advanced age, some years after the Friend, of whom she was a devoted adherent. She was regarded as one of the best of woman.
Catharine WHITE, general known as Aunt Katy WHITE, was a widow and kept house for a time for Jacob WAGENER. She was a kind, matronly woman and much beloved. Her funeral was attended at the Friend s house about 1815.
Mary BEAN was a near relative of the SUPPLEES. She became an inmate of the Friend s family in early life and continued so while she lived. She was mistress of the dairy, and a very industrious and worthy person. She died about 1840, over 60 years old.
Eunice BEARD dwelt on the Friend s land in a log house built for her, about 50rods northeast of the residence of James BROWN Jr. She was a single woman and a person of very amiable character, much respected by the Society. She survived the Friend.
Lydia WOOD was a widow, and lived in the next house north of Anna WAGENER, of whom she bought her land. When she became feeble with age, she lived with her daughter, the widow of Beloved LUTHER. She was an estimable woman and much respected. She died later than the Friend, at a very advanced age.
Mary INGRAHAM was the daughter of Nathaniel INGRAHAM, and lived with her parents while they survived. She was a steadfast Friend and a worthy woman, and died at an advanced age, firm in the Friend s faith and an unmarried woman.
Rachel INGRAHAM, who still lives a single woman at the age of 88 years, is the daughter of Eleazer INGRAHAM. She had led a blameless and pious life, and was a member of the Friend s family for several years with her father. Henry BARNES, who, with her, are the only survivors of the Friend s Society, relates that he and Rachel, almost unassisted, in the Spring of 1816, made of 1,500pounds of sugar in the Friend s sugar camp.
Chloe TOWERHILL was the daughter of an African slave, stolen from his native country and she too was a slave. She was bought by Benjamin BROWN, an uncle of James BROWN Jr., The Friend would not tolerate slavery, and Benjamin BROWN becoming a member of the Society, gave Chloe her freedom. She voluntarily joined the Friend s family was devout and faithful, uneducated but intelligent, and a very sweet singer. She was mistress of the kitchen and laundry, over which she presided with industry and system. She was devotedly attached to the Friend and lamented her death very tenderly. She died at about 70 years.
Elizabeth KENYON and her daughter, Hannah, came early to the Friend s Settlement from Rhode Island, leaving her husband, Remington KENYON, behind. The daughter married George NICHOLS, son of Isaac NICHOLS, and the mother, on removing to Jerusalem, lived on a little spot on the Friend s land that was cleared for her, about halfway between Hannah BALDWIN and Mary HOLMES. It is related of her that on one occasion she was lost in the woods at night. She took refuge in a hollow tree. She hung an apron before her for protection from a violent thunderstorm, and remained there till morning. Her husband came about 1806 and lived with her. After a bright and sincere religious experience, he joined the Society and died a year or two after. His wife survived him several years, and was called Mother KENYON. She was greatly respected in the Society.
Elizabeth KINNEY came from Connecticut a widow, with the earliest of the Friends. She was the mother of Ephraim, Isaac, Samuel and Mary KINNEY. The daughter married a man by the name of BUTLER and the sons went west in after years. The mother became a member of the Friend s family, where she remained several years. She was a pious and devoted woman, and greatly esteemed. She died in 1817, and her funeral was at the Friend s house.
Rebecca HARTWELL was the mother of Samuel HARTWELL, who married Elizabeth WILKINSON, one of the sisters of the Friend. She came early to the New Settlement, and lived with her daughter, the wife of Abel BOTSFORD. She was a faithful Friend and a woman of excellent character. She died at the age of about 90 years.
Elizabeth LUTHER was the mother of the LUTHER Family. Coming with the first settlers. When her family dispersed by marriage, she lived with her son Reuben many years, and a few of her last years with her son, Beloved. She was a woman without reproach, pious and faithful, one of the most devoted Friends. She died upwards of 80 years old.
Elizabeth OVETT, the sister of Abel, Jonathan and Elnathan BOTSFORD, was a widow who came with the first settlers, and lived alone in the Friend s Settlement, near the Friend s house, till late in life, when she had a home with her brother, Abel. She lived to be quite advanced in years, and was a woman of the most amiable and cheerful character, and a favorite with all who knew her, and especially with children. She was a true Friend and deeply pious.
Susannah POTTER was a daughter of Judge William POTTER. She never married and never came to this country. The Friend bore strong testimony to her worth of character and religious sincerity.
Rebecca SCOTT came a widow to the New Jerusalem in 1790, with her two daughters, Orpha and Margaret. Orpha married Perley GATES and died at 97 years. Margaret married Elijah BOTSFORD, and still lives with her son, Samuel BOTSFORD, at the age of 95 years. Mrs. SCOTT was a woman of rare energy and virtue of character, and one of the most steadfast Friends. Her home was for a considerable time in the Friend s family. None could be more highly esteemed. Shed died well advanced in years.
Aphiand Martha COMSTOCK were sisters of Israel COMSTOCK, and women of rare excellence of character. They lived together a little north of the Friend s Mansion, and remained single women. They died in 1867, within a few day of each other, Aphi, 81 years and Martha 77 years of age. They were firm adherents of the Friend, and were among the best of her disciples. Their nephew, Botsford A. COMSTOCK, cared for his worthy aunts in their old age, and was greatly beloved by them. Their names were always mentioned with the highest respect. Aphi, in early life, was one of the pioneer school teachers.
This closes our record of the devoted sisterhood. Perhaps a few others should have been included, but the testimony within reach does not warrant it, and guesswork will not pass for history. There was a noble array of devoted women not of this select band, who, as wives and mothers, and true exponents of the highest morality and social virtue, illustrated the pioneer life with examples worthy to be held in honored remembrance, and gave the Friend s Society a name for virtue, industry and matronly worth, of which no pen can speak in adequate praise.
They were as follows:
Susannah AVERY (wife of Daniel BROWN Jr. cousin of James Brown Jr.; lived in Benton, now Torrey)
Abigail BARNES (mother of Henry BARNES; much beloved member of the Society)
Experience BARNES (dau of Nathaniel INGRAHAM; wife of Eleazur BARNES, now 86y old)
Mary BARTLESON (mother of Isaac and Bartleson SHEARMAN)
Elizabeth BOTSFORD (wife of Jonathan BOTSFORD Jr.; mother of Elijah)
Elizabeth BOTSFORD (dau of Jonathan BOTSFORD Jr.; wife of Abel HUNT)
Lucy BOTSFORD (wife of Elnathan BOTSFORD)
Lucy BOTSFORD (dau of Elnathan BOTSFORD; 2nd wife of Stephen WILKINSON)
Mary BOTSFORD (wife of Abel BOTSFORD)
Mary BOTSFORD (dau of Abel BOTSFORD; 1st wife of Robert BUCKLEY)
Elizabeth BRIGGS (wife of Peleg BRIGGS Sr.)
Esther BRIGGS (sometimes called Esther PLANT); (had a fine estate at Norris Landing)
Ruth BRIGGS (wife of Peleg GIFFORD)
Catharine BROWN (wife of David FISH; dau of Benjamin BROWN Sr.)
Rachel BROWN (dau of Thomas CLARK; wife of Henry BROWN of Benton)
Sarah BROWN (dau of Benjamin BROWN Sr. & wife of Judge Arnold POTTER)
Zeruah BROWN (mother of James BROWN Jr.)
Susannah CLANFORD (sis of David WAGENER; marries 1st Peter SUPPLEE; was the mother of Rachel, wife of Morris F. SHEPPARD & Peter SUPPLEE JR.; afterwards married ___CLANFORD, lived a 2nd time a widow, at first in a part of the Friend s house, now in Torrey, & subsequently on the place now owned by John R. HATMAKER, where she died)
Sarah COMSTOCK (mother of Israel, Aphi and Martha COMSTOCK)
Mary DAINS (wife of Jonathan DAINS; lived to be very old)
Joana DAINS (wife of Castle DAINS)
Abigail DAYTON (wife of Abraham DAYTON)
Anna DAVIS (mother of Jesse DAVIS; wife of William DAVIS)
Leah DAVIS (wife of John DAVIS)
Rachel DAVIS (wife of Jonathan DAVIS)
Sinah DAVIS (dau o fJohn DAVIS; wife of Stewart COHOON)
Hannah FISHER (wife of Silas HUNT)
Mary GUERNSEY (wife of Amos GUERNSEY)
Fear HATHAWAY (dau of Susannah HATHAWAY and wife of ___ BRUCE, form whom Bruce s Gully took its name)
Mary HALL (the 2 Mary HALLS are not remembered as residence here; possibly, mother and dau)
Mary Malin HOPKINS (dau of Mary MALIN, whose 2nd husb was James BEAUMONT; wife of Jacob RENSSELAER)
Abigail HOLMES (believed to be the wife of Jedediah HOLMES; buried at City Hill)
Elizabeth HOLMES (dau of Jedediah HOLMES; wife of Elisha LUTHER)
Mary HUNT (wife of Adam HUNT)
Sarah HUNT (dau of Adam HUNT; married ___ MAPES)
Anna INGRAHAM (wife of John INGRAHAM; sis of the wife of Jonathan DAVIS)
Abigail INGRHAM (dau of Eleazer INGRAHAM)
Experience INGRAHAM (wife of Nathaniel INGRAHAM)
Lydia INGRAHAM (wife of Eleazer INGRAHAM)
Lydia INGRAHAM (dau of Eleazer INGRAHAM)
Hannah KENYON (wife of George NICHOLS)
Martha LUTHER (sis of Beloved & Reuben LUTHER; wife of George BROWN, bro of James BROWN Jr.)
Mary LUTHER (sis of the LUTHERS' of the original family; wife of Reuben HUDSON)
Sarah LUTHER (wife of Beloved LUTHER; dau of Lydia WOOD)
Annie NICHOLS (wife ofIsaac NICHOLS)
Penelope POTTER (dau of Judge Wm. POTTER, wife of Benjamin BROWN Jr.)
Ruth PRITCHARD (wife of Justus P. SPENCER; one of the 1st school teachers)
Bethany SISSON (wife of George SISSON; sister of the LUTHERS)
Lydia SISSON (dau of George SISSON; wife of Isaac PROSSER)
Tamar STONE (sis of John DAVIS; lived in Pultney)
Rachel SUPPLEE (dau of Peter SUPPLEE; wife of Morris F. SHEPPARD)
Deborah WILKINSON (youngest sister of the Friend; wife of Benajah BOTSFORD & then Elijah MALIN)
THE FRIEND S DOCTRINE AS STATED BY HENRY BARNES (pg99-101)
The Friend believed that there are three persons in the Godhead Father, Son and Holy Ghost; and that the three are eternal. The Father is the Judge of all; Christ the Mediator; and the Holy Ghost, the Comforter, promised by Jesus to his disciples. These three form one tribunal.
God created man upright and holy, and gave him a law by the breaking of which he shall surely die; and the Friend held that were there is a law, there is liberty to keep it or break it.
Man broke the law given by his Maker, and thus caused death, both spiritual and temporal, to enter the world. As a consequence of the broken law, there was required an infinite sacrifice of atonement for man so that the favor of God might be regained. Christ, therefore, was made an Offering for the redemption of the Human Family form their lost estate, and hence no other name is given by which man can be saved, except Christ, the Universal Savior, who atoned for All.
All souls that God has introduced on earth to dwell in human bodies, came perfect and pure from God, their Creator, and have remained so till they reached the years of understanding, and became old enough to know good from evil. At the age of responsible discretion, they enjoy Free Will or the choice of good and evil.
If human beings, will full understanding, and the free choice before them , do that which they know to be evil, they realize the just condemnation of a broken law, and consciously forfeit their title to Heaven and happiness.
The only remedy for this forlorn estate is to repent and pray to God for pardon through the merits of the Redeemer; and not only to be sorry for sin and the forfeiture of Heaven and happiness, but to be sincerely sorry to have grieved the Holy Spirit. This is repentance unto life and not to be repented of.
It is also essential as the Friend taught, to persevere in the humble service of the Lord through life, and labor for a growth in grace, and the knowledge of the Lord and Savior. The just man s path is a shining light which grows brighter ad brighter till he arrives at the perfect day of peace.
In regard to the resurrection, it was held by the Friend that flesh and blood cannot enter into the kingdom of Heaven, and that consequently there is no reappearance of the natural or carnal body. The resurrection is spiritual, and consists in the separation of the soul from its earthly tenement.
The Friend endeavored always to expound religious doctrine in perfect harmony with the Bible.
This creed, it will be observed, is substantially the common Trinitarian Creed
of Christendom, with the doctrine of natural depravity omitted. As a doctrine,
it is certainly entitled to very respectful treatment at the hands of Orthodox
people. The apostle of this creed
was a woman, a product of New England in the days of its rigid devotion to a
rigid theology. She softened its
harshest feature, and taught a simple doctrine of duty, repentance and upright
living. It cannot be denied that
she and the faithful portion of her Society honored the doctrine by consistent,
pious lives. Their remarkable
longevity as a body of people, is one proof that they shunned the vices and
excesses which shorten life; and their quiet, uniform demeanor and daily habits,
with avoidance of all strife and improper excitement, at once extended their
days and afforded a proof of the general correctness of their motives.
The only printed or recorded discourse, or summary of doctrine or sentiment ever given by the Friend, that is now known to be in existence, in the following, copied from a little printed book, now in the possession of Peter S. OLIVER. The same book contains, on otherwise blank pages, the names of those who belonged to the Society, as probably recorded before the decease of the Friend.
Will of Jemima WILKINSON Feb 25, 1818 History of Yates by L.C. Aldrich pg 90-91
& also History &Directory of Yates County, Vol 1, pub. 1873 by S. CLEVELAND, pg 107 109;
contributed by Dianne Thomas
The Last Will and Testament of the person called the Universal Friend, of Jerusalem, in the county of Ontario and State of New York, who in the years one thousand seven hundred and seventy-six, was called Jemima WILKINSON, and ever since that time the Universal Friend, a new name which the mouth of the Lord hath named. Considering the uncertainty of this mortal life and being of sound mind and memory blessed to the Lord of Sabbath and father of mercies therefore, I do make and publish this my Last Will and Testament.
1st. My will is that all my just debts be paid by my executors hereinafter named.
2nd. I give, bequeath and devise unto Rachel MALIN and Margaret MALIN, now of said Jerusalem, all my earthly property, both real and personal, that is to say all my land lying in said Jerusalem in Benton or elsewhere in the county of Ontario, together will all the buildings thereon, to them the said Rachel and Margaret, and to their heirs and assigns forever, to be equally and amicably shared between them, the said Rachel and Margaret; and I do also give and bequeath to said Rachel MALIN and Margaret MALIN all my wearing apparel, all my household furniture, all my horses, cattle, sheep, and swine of ever kind and description, and also my carriages, wagons, and carts of every kind, together with all my farming tools and utensils and all my movable property of every nature and description whatever.
3rd. My will is that all the present members of my family, and each of them be employed as they please, and if employed, supported during natural life by the said Rachel and Margaret, and whenever any of them become unable to help themselves they are, according to such inability, kindly to be taken care of by the said Rachel and Margaret; and my will also is that all poor persons belonging to the Society of Universal Friends shall receive from the said Rachel and Margaret such assistance, comfort, and support during natural life as they may need; and in case any, either of my family or elsewhere in the Society, shall turn away, such shall forfeit the provisions herein made for them.
4th. I hereby ordain and appoint Rachel MALIN and Margaret MALIN executors of my Last Will and Testament. In witness whereof I, the person once called Jemima WILKINSON, bunt in and ever since the year 1777, known and called the Public Universal Friend, hereunto set my name and seal the 25th day of the 2ndmo. 1818.
THE PUBLIC UNIVERSAL FRIEND (L.S.)
Be it remembered that in order to remove all doubts of the execution of the foregoing Last Will and Testament, being the person who in the year 1777 was known and called by the name of Jemima WILKINSON, but since that time as the Universal Friend, do make, publish, and declare the within instrument as my Last Will and Testament, as witness my hand and seal the 7th day of the 7thmo. 1818.
JEMIMA (her mark) WILKINSON
Thomas R. Gold
Pg 109 - 112
In pursuance of the Friend s will, her mansion and homestead, under the control of Rachel and Margaret MALIN, continued to be the home of the Friend s family, the place of meetings and focus of the Society. All things went on as before in peace and quietness, till some elements of division were introduced, after the arrival among them of Michael H. BARTON, who was originally an Orthodox Quaker from Dutchess county and came to Jerusalem in 1830. He was a man of engaging address, and had the friendship of Rachel and James BROWN Jr., but had not the favor of Margaret and others of the Society. He preached at the meetings, and had more or less connection with the Society for several years. In the memorable political canvass of 1840, he took the field as a canvasser for General HARRISON, addressed a number of Mass Meetings in Ohio, and gained a friendly recognition for the old General himself. The early death of the new President cut off his expectation of an important appointment at his hands. Mr. BARTON died in 1857, at the age of 59 years. His widow, Sarah F. BARTON still survives. His son, George F. BARTON, is a citizen of Jerusalem, and his daughter, Angeline S. BARTON, who was a school teacher, died in 1864, at the age of 22 years.
George CLARK and Osa HYMES came a little alter that Michael H. BARTON, and united in engrafting new features on the steady going Society that cherished the faith and tradition of the Friend. They claimed to give a fresh inspiration of the Friend s doctrine, but the results were a notable departure therefrom. The strictness of the Friend s faith and discipline, was not maintained by the new infusion. HYMES attempted to prepare a history of the Friend and the Society, with abortive results so far as the writer has been able to learn. He was shortly driven off. George CLARK, after a few years residence at the Friend s house, brought there his daughter, Maria, who by her amiable character became favorite of the family. After his marriage, he made little if any pretence to religious character, and his career was not favorable to the interest of the establishment or his own welfare. He died a few years ago in New York. Margaret MALIN died in 1844, leaving by will her estate and interest to James BROWN Jr., with the purpose to place him in her own position toward the Society. He was a life-long devoted disciple of the Friend, had been for a long period a member of the Friend s household, and was an important member of the Society. After the death of Margaret, and at 60 years of age or upwards, he married Maria CLARK, who was still under 20 years, and accepted a division of the estate, taking for his portion, 700 acres of land, and several thousand dollars of personal property. He lived to be 86 years old, a much respected citizen. He served the town of Jerusalem as Supervisor in 1838 and 1839, and made a good officer. Peter S. OLIVER afterwards married his widow, and she died in1868, leaving in Mr. OLIVER S possession such mementoes of the Friend s Society as had been preserved by James BROWN Jr., including the portrait of the Friend, which was framed by John MALIN in very elaborate style, from a number of different varieties of wood that grew on the Friend s domain.
In1848, Rachel MALIN died, after conveying to descendants of her brothers and sisters, a large share of the Friend s estate. This was a departure from the Will of the Friend, and doubtless proved so than Rachel designed. She was nearly 80 years old and was surrounded by those who had selfish purpose to sub serve. What they did not appropriate, she gave chiefly to her relatives. John A. GALLETT obtained 50 acres of land, it is said, in consideration of money advanced by his grandmother, Lydia WOOD, to the purchase of the land originally bought of the State for the Friend s Settlement on the shore of Seneca Lake. The Friend s mansion, with 150 acres of land, was bequeathed to Mary Ann, the wife of George CLARK. James Harvey and William T. CLARK, his sons, each had farms given them. William died a solider in the war of the rebellion, and James Harvey still survives; but the Friend s place, which became his inheritance, has been for some years out of his possession.
It was purchased at the close of the war by John ALCOOKE, who clamed to be an English Quaker, for a home for disabled soldiers. He collected a considerable number of these unfortunate men and made them a comfortable abode in the old residence of the Friend. By appeals to the charity of the people, aid from the Sanitary Commission, and other contributions, he was supporting his crippled veterans and paying for their home, when he suddenly died in 1866. Leaving no heirs know to the authorities, his property fell to the State. It was discovered that his charities were coupled with some duplicity, but it is to be hoped his general intentions were good. The Friend s place has since passed through the hands of Charles C. SHEPPARD to his son, Morris F. SHEPPARD, by whom it was considerably improved and renovated. It is now the property of Thomas J. WHITE. It is no longer a shrine of religious worship, nor a center of great social interest. The 50 years that have elapsed since the Friend departed, have brought their mighty changes and still the old mansion stands a subject of curious interest and enquiry. The engraving which represents it will be readily recognized by those who have seen the building. The fall fir trees which stand before it, were planted by Henry BARNES, whose pious hands wrought so much and so willing there in the early years.
Rachel INGRAHAM, Henry BARNES and Experience BARNES, are still surviving members of the Friend s Society. In contravention of her just and straightforward will, in which kin and consanguinity were disregarded, and spiritual and social ties alone recognized, Henry BARNES is dependent in his declining years on the generosity of others. They should all have had an assured and liberal competence to the latest ay of their lives, as they would, but for the perversion of trusts designed and undersigned, which accompanied the distribution of the Friend s estate.
The longevity of these worthy persons, is carrying the life of the Friend s Society almost to the end of a century from its inception in that wonderful Trance in 1776, when the mind of a young girl was impressed with the conviction that the effulgence of a brighter and purer order of existence was disclosed to her vision. She was thus prompted to a life-long effort to bring others as near as possible to the better and higher state, as she interpreted the vision. It was a noble essay, whatever its errors, against long and weary discouragements, and was not without its fruits. The best successes of life, are not always its most showy and apparent triumphs. A few, won to the side of self-denying virtue, weigh more in the best results of life, than crowds led by acquiescence in the baser tendencies of perverted humanity.
The Friend s Society belongs to the past. That it could not perpetuate itself must have been evident to its founder long before her own decease. Perhaps it was no part of her final purpose that it should. It was an interesting social and religious experiment, that can be studied with profit by those who would read aright the structure of human character and anticipate its developments in the future.
**contributed by Mallory Smith
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