THE FRIEND'S SOCIETY
Fromthe History and Directory ofYates County - Volume 1, by Stafford C. Cleveland
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Likeall religious organizations of the Protestant order, the Friendís Society hadits nucleus or core of thoroughly committed, earnest and devoted members, with afurther belonging of those who were vacillating and periodical in theirattachment. Some run well for aseason, and dropped off into indifference or positive hostility. Others yielded to the adverse influences caused by the land troubles; andthe doctrine of celibate life inculcated by the Friend, was not one that couldbe popular with the youthful and ardent, whose lives were yet unscarred bydisappointments and sad experiences. Henceit occurred that comparatively few of the second generation united with theSociety, and of those who did there were not may who lived through life quite upto the rigid requirements of the faith. Thelist of members given herewith, includes only those whose names were actuallyenrolled at their own request, and who remained throughout devoted and firmadherents of the society. Some ofthese never came to the New Jerusalem, but the most of them belonged to the pioneer families, and they were , as a body,people of the highest moral and personal worth. They were as follows:
WilliamALDRICH (husb ofMercy ALDRICH)
JohnBARTLESON (husbof Mary Bartleson, afterwards wife of Ezekiel SHEARMAN)
JonathanBOTSFORD (bro ofElijah)
BenajahBOTSFORD (son ofElnathan & 1st husb of Deborah WILKINSON)
GeorgeBROWN (bro ofJames BROWN Jr.)
SamuelDOOLITTLE (was found a confirmed lunatic by the Friend, and after her discoursewith him became rational, and lived an inmate of the Friendís family about 50years, and until he died at about 70 years of age)
JohnGARDNER (supposedto have been the husband of Mary GARDNER)
NathanielHATHAWAY Sr. (supposedhusb of Susannah)
EphraimKINNEY Sr.(supposed husband of Elizabeth KINNEY)
AbrahamRICHARDS(supposed husb of Sarah RICHARDS, and bro of Asa RICHARDS)
JosephTURPIN was an early adherent of the Friend in New England. He never came here as a settler, but went to South Carolinawhere he amassed a fortune. Hevisited the Friend in 1802 and afterwards; and the Society several times afterthe decease of the Friend. He left$13,000 by his will to the Society - $6,000 to Rachel MALIN, and $7,000 to poorFriends. He was never a married man. Beforehe died, he liberated all his slaves and gave them good homes.
EleazerWHIPPLE and Simon WILKINSON were probably relatives of the Friendís family. Stephen WILKINSON was the only brother of the Friend, known to havesettled here with the Friends. Hecame very early and stated a nursery on the opposite side of the road from theFriendís house in Torrey. Thetrees in the Friendís orchard were all from this nursery and these were allďslugg sweets,Ē a good sweet apple of small size. About half the original orchard still stands. The reason they were all of one variety, is said to have been that theyoung trees were all suckers brought from New England, and not seedlings, whichseldom reproduce the original fruit, or any number of a single variety. Stephen WILKINSON after two or three years returned to NewEngland, came back about 1805, sold out his nursery, married for his secondwife, Lucy, the daughter of Elnathan BOTSFORD, an amiable and interesting woman,and then settled in Genesee county. Ason of Stephen WILKINSON by a former wife, Preston P. WILKINSON, now resideswith John COMSTOCK, in Jerusalem, at an advanced age. He is an intelligent many and haw always lived unmarried.
SolomonINGRAHAM was the son of Nathaniel INGRAHAM, who commenced living in theFriendís family near Philadelphia, and remained with that family a verydevoted adherent till 1814, when he seceded and turned against the Friend. He was about to join Daniel BRACKET, an eccentric religiouszealot, when he was accidentally buried in a well he was digging, and lost hislife.
Themost of the male members of prominence were heads of families and are noticed intheir order, chiefly in the towns of Milo, Jerusalem and Torrey as pioneersettlers.
TheFaithful Sisterhood (pg86) - There was a remarkablefeature in the Universal Friendís Society, and probably the most effectiveresult of her spiritual ministrations, in the number of respectable and trulyexcellent women, who, as persistent celebrated, adhered to her teachings. Some of these lived on her domain and some in her family, and all weretrue and consistent representatives of her doctrine. Representing chastity and purity of life, they proved not only their ownfaith by their life, but that the affective sex, are the best examples ofmorality if not of religion. Inthis respect they were the jewels of the Friends coronet. They justified the faith she reposed in female integrity and character,and the partiality it is claimed she manifested for women as controllers of allsocial and domestic concerns. Theirrecord, as abiding and conscientious devotees of the faith they adopted, iscertainly much brighter than that of the masculine portion of the Society; forfew of the latter adhered with like fidelity to the Friendís doctrine to theend. Perhaps this may be met by awicked sneer to the effect that celibacy or its opposite was not equally aquestion of choice with the gentle sex as with the brethren of the fold.
It isquite clear, form all the facts within our reach, that there was very little ifany constraint to single life, other than voluntary choice among these worthyand true hearted women. Besides,temptation is common to all, and there is no such thing as a life of preserving,indomitable virtue, without unwavering devotion to a lofty ideal, and theconstant cultivation of the purest and sweetest sentiments of the heart. That sexual asceticism is essential to the best results of spiritualculture, is not a question to be discussed here. The Bible inculcates it very distinctly, and the Friend and her earnestdisciples endeavored to be faithful exponents of the Bible teaching. The following members of the Society belong to the group, which mayproperly be ranks as the FAITHFUL SISTERHOOD.
SarahRICHARDS, whose maiden name was Sarah SKILTON, was a woman of superior mindand pure character. She and herhusband became members of the Friendís Society in Connecticut, or interests inher religious teaching. While theywere on a visit to the Friend in Rhode Island, he died, and Sarah at once becamean inmate of the Friendís household, and while she lived, the Friend desiredto keep aloof form direct responsibility for worldly affairs, Sarah RICHARDSbecame her agent to hold in trust, her property. She co-operated faithfully with the Friend in all their works, whether ofreligious propagandism or family and society support, and the final greatenterprise of founding a new society in the wilderness. It was to her that all the possessions of the Friend were deeded in NewJerusalem, and by and through her that most of the business was performed tillthe period of her death, which occurred in 1793.
MehitableSMITH was the sister of Richard SMITH. She was an inmate of the Friendís family and a person of pure andestimable character. She was veryaffectionately regarded by the Friend and Sarah RICHARDS, and much esteemed bythe Society. She lived unmarried,and died at the Friendís house in 1792.
AnnaWAGENER was a sister of David WAGENER. She was intelligent, well educated and wealthy. She aided with her means in the construction of the Friendís house inthe first settlement and lived there some time after the Friend moved toJerusalem. Afterwards she becamethe owner of several hundred acres of land in Jerusalem, and lived on the placewhere Watkins DAVIS now resides, and died there unmarried a few years later thanthe Friend, at an advanced age. Shewas remarkable for her sincerity of character and strong religious sentiment,and was highly respected by all that knew her.
LucyBROWN was the sister of Susannah and Temperance BROWN and of Daniel BROWNSr., of the Friendís Society. Shewas a person of the highest moral worth and one of the first characters in theSociety. She lived on the corner alittle south of the residence of Watkins DACIS, where her house, built byherself, still stands. Herresidence was on the Friendís land, where she led her single life andsupported herself by making butter and cheese and other little industries. She lived to be quite aged and survived the Friend several years.
PatienceWILKINSON, an elder sister of the Friend, married Thomas Hazard POTTER, abrother of Judge Arnold POTTER. Herhusband died about 1804, and she afterward resided with her son in law, JobBRIGGS of Potter. She survived herhusband about a dozen years. Herbody, at her own request, was placed in the old vault of the Friend. Her funeral discourse was preached by the Friend, and it was the lastfuneral at which she officiated. Patience,was a highly estimable woman and was greatly devoted to the Friend.
AliceHAZARD was generally called Elsie HAZARD. She was a daughter of Judge William POTTER and married George HAZARD. She visited the Friend several times in Pennsylvania, and in 1790 arrivedthere again a few days after the Friend, and her retinue, including Mrs.HAZARDíS daughter, had left for the Genesee country. She followed on horseback, making the whole wilderness journey alone, onthe tract of the company of which she was in pursuit, and arrived simultaneouslywith them. They had but barelyreached their destination, when speaking of her, some one of the party remarked,ďwe have come to a place now where Elsie canít find us.Ē Almost at that instant she made her appearance, to theirintense astonishment. They couldhardly believe their senses when she stood before them. She made the same journey on horseback three times, the last timebringing her son, 8 years old, behind her. Dr. Briton W. HAZARD, and Mrs. Asa RUSSEL were her children. Her husband died in Rhode Island before her first visit to the NewJerusalem. She was a very warmadherent of the Friend, to whom she was always true, and she was a talented,intelligent and highly respected woman. Fora time she lived with her two daughters, Martha and Penelope. Martha married Asa RUSSELL and Penelope died. Mrs. HAZARD then lived some years in Larzelereís Hollow, with hernephew, William POTTER, and finally made her home with her surviving daughter,where she died well advanced in years.
LucindaGOODSPEED had a home on the Friendís domain, a short distance south ofLucy BROWN and Anna WAGENER, below the highway. She was a maiden lady, an excellent woman and a zealous Friend. She took part in the public meetings, was a person of intelligence andactive life, and died at an advanced age.
SusannahSPENCER came early to the country with the Friends, a widow, and sister ofthe elder Peleg BRIGGS. She had ahouse in the valley north of the Friendís, a little southwest of MosesHARTWELLíS residence and west of the valley road. She was a mother in the Society and greatly esteemed. In the course of the struggle in regard to the land titles, she wasejected from her home and her house was burned. She outlived the Friend a short time, and died upwards of 90years old.
MarthaREYNOLDS was another faithful spinster of the Friendís Society. Martha and her sister came with the earliest migration and lived atNicholsí Corners till Sarah married Enoch SHEARMAN. Then Martha went to Jerusalem, and built a house on the Friendís land,about forty rods west of Lucy BROWNíS, on the south side of the road, as itnow runs. She made butter andcheese, and supported herself quite independently. She was an estimable person of very capable mind, and much beloved in theSociety. She lived to be quite old,and became palsied, after which one John KRITSON worked the land for her. She died about 1844.
PatienceALLEN was from New London, Connecticut and came with the first settlers, wasgreatly respected in the Society and was a diligent, intelligent and worthywoman. She kept house a few yearsfor Samuel BARNES Jr., and was afterwards a member of the Friendís household. She survived the Friend about 14 years and died an unmarried woman.
HannahBALDWIN was also an early member of the Society, who came with the firsttide of settlement. She wasdistantly connected with the COMSTOCKS, and was a devoted, consistent and goodwoman, living singly through life. Shewas very prominent in the Society and much respected. She maintained herself on the Friendís land by her own industry, makingbutter and cheese, with little farming operations. Her house was eastward of the creek from the Friendís house, on thenorth side of the road. Shesurvived the Friend about 25 years, and died at a very advanced age. She was remarkable for her youthful and fresh appearance even in old age.
Sarahand Mary BRIGGS, sisters of Peleg BRIGGS Jr., were always great favorites ofthe Friend, and devotedly religious women. They inhabited a log house about a mile south of the Friendís inJerusalem, and afterwards built a frame house on the west side of the road whichstill stands. That house was builtfor them by Abraham PROSSER, the father of David B. PROSSER. These were excellent women and lived to be very aged. Sarah, who outlived her sister a long while, was very old at her decease. They too, exalted the doctrine of celibacy by lives of industry, pietyand devotion.
Lydiaand Phoebe COGSWELL, two spinster sisters, came with the pioneers to the NewJerusalem, living near the Friendís Mills in the early settlement, and werepious and devoted Friends. Lydia,the most talented, was a leading woman in the Society. She died before 1800 in the Friendís Settlement and Phoebe , after thedeath of her sister, lived near Mary HOLMES in Jerusalem, and still later in theFriendís family. She survived theFriend several years, and died at the age of 100 years.
**contributed by MallorySmith (please contact Mallory directly on thesefamily lines)
(5)Major Benajah Mallory (Malory) 1 May 1764 Bennington, Vt. Moved from NY State toBurford Twp, Brant Co. Ont, Canada 1793 where his father-in-law hoped to start anew religious town to be named New Jerusalem. Upper Canada Land Book C 5 Jun1797 Ė 30 Jun 1797 ďBenajah Mallory praying for 1200 acres as one of theoriginal associates for settling the township of Burford, and for a furtherdelay to settle the same. Recommended for 1200 acres including former grants,and his wife recommended for 200 acres. Theunlocated parts of the township to be thrown open to other applicantsĒ After leaving Upper Canada to fight in the War of 1812 on the US side, helater lived in Lockport, Niagara Co. NY and was living there when his brother,Gill, died in Benjaminís home. 1840Census of Lockport Village age (SeeDictionary of Canadian Biography) d 9 or 16Aug 1853 ďa soldier in the Rev War and War of 1812Ē= (1) Abiah Dayton (Abraham Dayton 14 Sep 1745 New Milford, Ct d 1 Mar 1797Burford Twp = Abigail Coggswell 13 Aug 1750 Preston Ct d 4 Aug 1843 Gananoque,Ont, CN) (Abraham Dayton 18 Aug 1719 Newton, Fairfield Ct d 1 Mar 1797 BurfordCN = Abiah Beardsley 16 Sep 1725 Fairfield) (Nathan Beardsley 7 Oct 1686Stratford Ct = Elizabeth Hubbell 23 Oct 1689) (1820 ďOld Burned Over DistrictĒ Census The Old Genesee County West ofSeneca Lake Benajah Mallory) (2) 13 May 1852 Sally (Wright) Jefferson (widow William Jefferson) 15 Mar1784 d 10 Apr 1889 ae 106th year Des Moines IA
Mallory,Benajah - Praying for 1200 acres as one of the original associates for settlingthe township of
Abraham Dayton's wife was Abigial Cogswell. She married secondto Col.Joel Stone and lived in Simcoe, Ontario.
Abraham Dayton's wife was Abigial Cogswell. She married secondto Col.Joel Stone and lived in Simcoe, Ontario.
MeredithMallory's descendants married Hendersons.
RichardHENDERSON was born in Ireland, March 17, 1767, and died January 23, 1850. His wife, Anna WAGENER, was born September 10, 1777 and died November 13,1864. Their children: Samuel, bornMarch 5, 1797, married Harriet ARNOT and died April 12, 1834; David, bornDecember 25, 1798, married December 9, 1819, died February 18, 1883; Maria, bornAugust 11, 1800, married Samuel GILLETTE, May 9, 1820 and died April 6, 1886;Mary, born March 16, 1803, married Johnson A. NICHOLS, died April 16, 1889;Rebecca, born November 8, 1805, married George NICHOLS first and afterwardsNehemiah RAPLEE, lives at Bath; Elizabeth born January 14, 1809, married CalebJ. LEGG, lives in Torrey; Richard, born January 15, 1810, died May 15, 1864;Anna B., born July 11, 1812, married Barnum MALLORY, lives in Illinois; Jane,born June 1, 1814, married Smith L. Mallory, lives west; Harriet, born November17, 1816, married Louis MILLARED, lives in Dundee; James W., born March 19, 1819, married Martha A. DRAKE and lives at Milo Center;Rachel, born July 9, 1821, married James C. LONGWELL, lives at Penn Yan. Children of Richard and Rosalinda HENDERSON: Samuel S., born October 9,1836; Charles, born February 27, 1838, died May 28, 1872; Marvin and Marsden,born April 2, 1842; James A., born October 6, 1845. Richard HENDERSON, the pioneer, settled between Milo Center and Himrodsabout the year 1795.
MaryGARDNER came with the earliest settlers; was a widow, a sister of MarthaREYNOLDS and Mrs. Stephen CARD, and the mother of Abner and George GARDNER. She was the mother of an important family, a devoted Friend, and a womanof remarkable and excellent traits of character. She lived with her sons and finally with her granddaughter in Jerusalem,where she died in 1848 at the age of 94 years.
MaryHUNT was the daughter of the elder Adam HUNT; lived unmarried and was adevoted adherent of the Friend. Shewas housekeeper for Silas PSPINK for many years, and died at his house. She was an excellent and highly esteemed woman.
LydiaDAVIS was a daughter of John DAVIS, and a sister of Jonathan DAVID. She came early with the Friends from Pennsylvania, and lived with herparents in Jerusalem. Shed diedabout 60 years of age, her death preceding that of her parents. She was a good woman and a steadfast Friend.
EuniceHATHAWAY was from New Bedford. Sheand her mother, Freelove HATHAWAY, came early and lived in the log part, thatthen was, of the Friendís house, now standing in Torrey, and there the motherdied. Eunice, for some time, livedwith Mary HOLMES, and was afterwards a member of the Friendís household. She was a much respected woman, and survived the Friend a few years.
SusannahHATHAWAY was a widow who kept house for Jacob WAGENER, on Long Point, tillabout 1800. She then lived with herson, Nathaniel, a shoemaker, in the Log Meeting House, and afterwards in a housebelonging to Benedict ROBINSON. Theson, under the ministration and counsel of the Friend, had a very brightreligious experience and died about 1811. TheFriend preached the funeral discourse at the house of Benedict ROBINSON. The mother was a devoted and worthy woman and died soon after.
MaryHATHAWAY was the widow of James HATHAWAY, a brother of Thomas HATHAWAY Sr. They settled near the west branch of Keuka Lake on the east side, wherehe erected a log house and made considerable improvement. They had a son, an only child, named Hunnewell, a young man who wascapsized in a canoe on the lake in a violent wind. He called, ďHelp!Ē ďHelp!Ē. As the dogís name was Help, it was supposed to be a call for the dog. When rescued he was so chilled he could not be restored. This was in 1794, and the first death in the township. The father died two years later, after building the first vault for theFriend, in which his own body was laid. Thewidow remained a protťgť of the Friend, whom she survived a few years. She lived in the old house of the Friend after the removal of the friendto the large mansion. She was awoman of excellent character.
LavinaDAINS was a daughter of Jonathan DAINS Sr. She came with her father in 1784 and was a thoroughly devoted adherent ofthe Friend, always remaining single. Shewas for a long time an inmate of the Friendís family, and finally lived withher nephew, John DAINS of Jerusalem, where she died at the age of 90 years. It was Lavina that pitched the constable out doors with his raimentsomewhat tattered, when he attempted to arrest the Friend for blasphemy.
ElizabethCARR was a widow and a relative of the HAVENS family of Benton. She came with the earlier settlers, making her home with the Friends. Was an inmate of the Friendís family most of the time, and died about1833. She was called ďMotherCARRĒ, in the Society, and was very kindly regarded by all.
AnnaSTYER was a relative of the WAGENERS and SUPPLEES, and resided at first withAnna WAGENER, and afterwards with the Friend, and other families of the Society. She was an agreeable person, but subject to an occasional alienation ofmind, and fits of melancholy and self-reproach. She died about 1815, while living with Lucina GOODSPEED upward of 60years.
SarahCLARK was from Boston, a widow lady of character and ability, with no knownrelatives in the Society or settlement. Shewas one of the early comers and kept house for Thomas HATHAWAY Sr. At his death, he left her by will, 300 acres of land, of which BelovedLUTHER bought a part just east of Simeon COLEíS. She lived for a time in the house where Thomas HATHAWAY died, and finallyin one part of the double log house where Hannah BALDWIN resided. In old age she resided with Beloved LUTHER and died at the age of 96years. She too was one of the mostfaithful of the Friends.
MaryHOLMES was a sister of Jedediah HOLMES. She was quite independent in property and lived at first in the earlysettlement of the Friends, and afterwards till she died, a little way south ofMoses HARTWELLíS just east of the creek, where she kept house mostly byherself, always living singly. Shedied at a very advanced age, some years after the Friend, of whom she was adevoted adherent. She was regardedas one of the best of woman.
CatharineWHITE, general known as ďAunt Katy WHITE,Ē was a widow and kept housefor a time for Jacob WAGENER. Shewas a kind, matronly woman and much beloved. Her funeral was attended at the Friendís house about 1815.
MaryBEAN was a near relative of the SUPPLEES. She became an inmate of the Friendís family in early life and continuedso while she lived. She wasmistress of the dairy, and a very industrious and worthy person. She died about 1840, over 60 years old.
EuniceBEARD dwelt on the Friendís land in a log house built for her, about 50rods northeast of the residence of James BROWN Jr. She was a single woman and a person of very amiable character, muchrespected by the Society. Shesurvived the Friend.
LydiaWOOD was a widow, and lived in the next house north of Anna WAGENER, of whomshe bought her land. When shebecame feeble with age, she lived with her daughter, the widow of BelovedLUTHER. She was an estimable womanand much respected. She died laterthan the Friend, at a very advanced age.
MaryINGRAHAM was the daughter of Nathaniel INGRAHAM, and lived with her parentswhile they survived. She was asteadfast Friend and a worthy woman, and died at an advanced age, firm in theFriendís faith and an unmarried woman.
RachelINGRAHAM, who still lives a single woman at the age of 88 years, is thedaughter of Eleazer INGRAHAM. Shehad led a blameless and pious life, and was a member of the Friendís familyfor several years with her father. HenryBARNES, who, with her, are the only survivors of the Friendís Society, relatesthat he and Rachel, almost unassisted, in the Spring of 1816, made of 1,500pounds of sugar in the Friendís sugar camp.
ChloeTOWERHILL was the daughter of an African slave, stolen from his nativecountry and she too was a slave. Shewas bought by Benjamin BROWN, an uncle of James BROWN Jr., The Friend would nottolerate slavery, and Benjamin BROWN becoming a member of the Society, gaveChloe her freedom. She voluntarilyjoined the Friendís family was devout and faithful, uneducated butintelligent, and a very sweet singer. Shewas mistress of the kitchen and laundry, over which she presided with industryand system. She was devotedlyattached to the Friend and lamented her death very tenderly. She died at about 70 years.
ElizabethKENYON and her daughter, Hannah, came early to the Friendís Settlementfrom Rhode Island, leaving her husband, Remington KENYON, behind. The daughtermarried George NICHOLS, son of Isaac NICHOLS, and the mother, on removing toJerusalem, lived on a little spot on the Friendís land that was cleared forher, about halfway between Hannah BALDWIN and Mary HOLMES. IT is related of her that on one occasion she was lost in thewoods at night. She took refuge ina hollow tree. She hung an apronbefore her for protection from a violent thunderstorm, and remained there tillmorning. Her husband came about1806 and lived with her. After abright and sincere religious experience, he joined the Society and died a yearor two after. His wife survived himseveral years, and was called ďMother KNEYON.Ē She was greatly respected in the Society.
ElizabethKINNEY came from Connecticut a widow, with the earliest of the Friends. She was the mother of Ephraim, Isaac, Samuel and Mary KINNEY. The daughter married a man by the name of BUTLER and the sons went westin after years. The mother became amember of the Friendís family, where she remained several years. She was a pious and devoted woman, and greatly esteemed. She died in 1817, and her funeral was at the Friendís house.
RebeccaHARTWELL was the mother of Samuel HARTWELL, who married Elizabeth WILKINSON,one of the sisters of the Friend. Shecame early to the New Settlement, and lived with her daughter, the wife of AbelBOTSFORD. She was a faithful Friendand a woman of excellent character. Shedied at the age of about 90 years.
ElizabethLUTHER was the mother of the LUTHER Family. Coming with the first settlers. Whenher family dispersed by marriage, she lived with her son Reuben many years, anda few of her last years with her son, Beloved. She was a woman without reproach, pious and faithful, one of the mostdevoted Friends. She died upwardsof 80 years old.
ElizabethOVETT, the sister of Abel, Jonathan and Elnathan BOTSFORD, was a widow whocame with the first settlers, and lived alone in the Friendís Settlement, nearthe Friendís house, till late in life, when she had a home with her brother,Abel. She lived to be quiteadvanced in years, and was a woman of the most amiable and cheerful character,and a favorite with all who knew her, and especially with children. She was a true Friend and deeply pious.
SusannahPOTTER was a daughter of Judge William POTTER. She never married and never came to this country. The Friend bore strong testimony to her worth of character and religioussincerity.
RebeccaSCOTT came a widow to the New Jerusalem in 1790, with her two daughters,Orpha and Margaret. Orpha marriedPerley GATES and died at 97 years. Margaretmarried Elijah BOTSFORD, and still lives with her son, Samuel BOTSFORD, at theage of 95 years. Mrs. SCOTT was awoman of rare energy and virtue of character, and one of the most steadfastFriends. Her home was for aconsiderable time in the Friendís family. None could be more highly esteemed. Shed died well advanced in years.
Aphiand Martha COMSTOCK were sisters of Israel COMSTOCK, and women of rareexcellence of character. They livedtogether a little north of the Friendís Mansion, and remained single women. They died in 1867, within a few day of each other, Aphi, 81 years andMartha 77 years of age. They were firm adherents of the Friend, and were among thebest of her disciples. Theirnephew, Botsford A. COMSTOCK, cared for his worthy aunts in their old age, andwas greatly beloved by them. Theirnames were always mentioned with the highest respect. Aphi, in early life, was one of the pioneer school teachers.
Thiscloses our record of the devoted sisterhood. Perhaps a few others should have been included, but the testimony withinreach does not warrant it, and guesswork will not pass for history. There was a noble array of devoted women not of this select band, who, aswives and mothers, and true exponents of the highest morality and social virtue,illustrated the pioneer life with examples worthy to be held in honoredremembrance, and gave the Friendís Society a name for virtue, industry andmatronly worth, of which no pen can speak in adequate praise.
Theywere as follows:
SusannahAVERY (wife ofDaniel BROWN Jr. cousin of James Brown Jr.; lived in Benton, now Torrey)
AbigailBARNES (mother ofHenry BARNES; much beloved member of the Society)
ExperienceBARNES (dau ofNathaniel INGRAHAM; wife of Eleazur BARNES, now 86y old)
MaryBARTLESON (motherof Isaac and Bartleson SHEARMAN)
ElizabethBOTSFORD (wife ofJonathan BOTSFORD Jr.; mother of Elijah)
ElizabethBOTSFORD (dau ofJonathan BOTSFORD Jr.; wife of Abel HUNT)
LucyBOTSFORD (wife ofElnathan BOTSFORD)
LucyBOTSFORD (dau ofElnathan BOTSFORD; 2nd wife of Stephen WILKINSON)
MaryBOTSFORD (wife ofAbel BOTSFORD)
MaryBOTSFORD (dau ofAbel BOTSFORD; 1st wife of Robert BUCKLEY)
ElizabethBRIGGS (wife ofPeleg BRIGGS Sr.)
EstherBRIGGS (sometimescalled Esther PLANT; had a fine estate at Norrisí Landing)
RuthBRIGGS (wife ofPeleg GIFFORD)
CatharineBROWN (wife ofDavid FISH; dau of Benjamin BROWN Sr.)
RachelBROWN (dau ofThomas CLARK; wife of Henry BROWN of Benton)
SarahBROWN (dau ofBenjamin BROWN Sr. & wife of Judge Arnold POTTER)
ZeruahBROWN (mother ofJames BROWN Jr.)
SusannahCLANFORD (sis ofDavid WAGENER; marries 1st Peter SUPPLEE; was the mother of Rachel,wife of Morris F. SHEPPARD & Peter SUPPLEE JR.; afterwards married ___CLANFORD, lived a 2nd time a widow, at first in a part of theFriendís house, now in Torrey, & subsequently on the place now owned byJohn R. HATMAKER, where she died)
SarahCOMSTOCK (motherof Israel, Aphi and Martha COMSTOCK)
MaryDAINS (wife ofJonathan DAINS; lived to be very old)
JoanaDAINS (wife ofCastle DAINS)
AbigailDAYTON (wife ofAbraham DAYTON)
AnnaDAVIS (mother ofJesse DAVIS; wife of William DAVIS)
LeahDAVIS (wife ofJohn DAVIS)
RachelDAVIS (wife ofJonathan DAVIS)
SinahDAVIS (dau ofJohn DAVIS; wife of Stewart COHOON)
HannahFISHER (wife ofSilas HUNT)
MaryGUERNSEY (wife ofAmos GUERNSEY)
FearHATHAWAY (dau ofSusannah HATHAWAY and wife of ___ BRUCE, form whom Bruceís Gully took itsname)
MaryHALL (the 2 MaryHALLS are not remembered as residence here; probably mother and dau)
MaryMalin HOPKINS(dau of Mary MALIN, whose 2nd husb was James BEAUMONT; wife of JacobRENSSELAER)
AbigailHOLMES (believedto be the wife of Jedediah HOLMES; buried at City Hill)
ElizabethHOLMES (dau ofJedediah HOLMES; wife of Elisha LUTHER)
MaryHUNT (wife of Adam HUNT)
SarahHUNT (dau of AdamHUNT; married ___ MAPES)
AnnaINGRAHAM (wife ofJohn INGRAHAM; sis of the wife of Jonathan DAVIS)
AbigailINGRHAM (dau ofEleazer INGRAHAM)
ExperienceINGRAHAM (wife ofNathaniel INGRAHAM)
LydiaINGRAHAM (wife ofEleazer INGRAHAM)
LydiaINGRAHAM (dau ofEleazer INGRAHAM)
HannahKENYON (wife ofGeorge NICHOLS)
MarthaLUTHER (sis ofBeloved & Reuben LUTHER; wife of George BROWN, bro of James BROWN Jr.)
MaryLUTHER (sis ofthe LUTHERS of the original family; wife of Reuben HUDSON)
SarahLUTHER (wife ofBeloved LUTHER; dau of Lydia WOOD)
AnnieNICHOLS (wife ofIsaac NICHOLS)
PenelopePOTTER (dau ofJudge Wm. POTTER, wife of Benjamin BROWN Jr.)
RuthPRITCHARD (wifeof Justus P. SPENCER; one of the 1st school teachers)
BethanySISSON (wife ofGeorge SISSON; sister of the LUTHERS)
LydiaSISSON (dau ofGeorge SISSON; wife of Isaac PROSSER)
TamarSTONE (sis ofJohn DAVIS; lived in Pultney)
RachelSUPPLEE (dau ofPeter SUPPLEE; wife of Morris F. SHEPPARD)
DeborahWILKINSON(youngest sister of the Friend; wife of Benajah BOTSFORD & then Elijah MALIN)
THEFRIENDíS DOCTRINE AS STATED BY HENRY BARNES (pg99-101)
TheFriend believed that there are three persons in the Godhead Ė Father, Son andHoly Ghost; and that the three are eternal. The Father is the Judge of all; Christ the Mediator; and the Holy Ghost,the Comforter, promised by Jesus to his disciples. These three form one tribunal.
Godcreated man upright and holy, and gave him a law by the breaking of which heshall surely die; and the Friend held that were there is a law, there is libertyto keep it or break it.
Manbroke the law given by his Maker, and thus caused death, both spiritual andtemporal, to enter the world. As aconsequence of the broken law, there was required an infinite sacrifice ofatonement for man so that the favor of God might be regained. Christ, therefore, was made an Offering for the redemption of the HumanFamily form their lost estate, and hence no other name is given by which man canbe saved, except Christ, the Universal Savior, who atoned for All.
Allsouls that God has introduced on earth to dwell in human bodies, came perfectand pure from God, their Creator, and have remained so till they reached theyears of understanding, and became old enough to know good from evil. At the age of responsible discretion, they enjoy Free Will or the choiceof good and evil.
Ifhuman beings, will full understanding, and the free choice before them , do thatwhich they know to be evil, they realize the just condemnation of a broken law,and consciously forfeit their title to Heaven and happiness.
Theonly remedy for this forlorn estate is to repent and pray to God for pardonthrough the merits of the Redeemer; and not only to be sorry for sin and theforfeiture of Heaven and happiness, but to be sincerely sorry to have grievedthe Holy Spirit. This is repentanceunto life and not to be repented of.
It isalso essential as the Friend taught, to persevere in the humble service of theLord through life, and labor for a growth in grace, and the knowledge of theLord and Savior. The just maníspath is a shining light which grows brighter ad brighter till he arrives at theperfect day of peace.
Inregard to the resurrection, it was held by the Friend that ďflesh and bloodcannot enter into the kingdom of Heaven,Ē and that consequently there is noreappearance of the natural or carnal body. The resurrection is spiritual, and consists in the separation of the soulfrom its earthly tenement.
TheFriend endeavored always to expound religious doctrine in perfect harmony withthe Bible.
Thiscreed, it will be observed, is substantially the common Trinitarian Creed ofChristendom, with the doctrine of natural depravity omitted. As a doctrine, itis certainly entitled to very respectful treatment at the hands of Orthodoxpeople. The apostle of this creedwas a woman, a product of New England in the days of its rigid devotion to arigid theology. She softened itsharshest feature, and taught a simple doctrine of duty, repentance and uprightliving. It cannot be denied thatshe and the faithful portion of her Society honored the doctrine by consistent,pious lives. Their remarkablelongevity as a body of people, is one proof that they shunned the vices andexcesses which shorten life; and their quiet, uniform demeanor and daily habits,with avoidance of all strife and improper excitement, at once extended theirdays and afforded a proof of the general correctness of their motives.
Theonly printed or recorded discourse, or summary of doctrine or sentiment evergiven by the Friend, that is now known to be in existence, in the following,copied from a little printed book, now in the possession of Peter S. OLIVER. The same book contains, on otherwise blank pages, the names of those whobelonged to the Society, as probably recorded before the decease of the Friend.
Willof Jemima WILKINSON Feb 25, 1818 History of Yates by L.C. Aldrich pg 90-91 & also History &Directory of Yates County, Vol 1, pub. 1873 by S. CLEVELAND, pg 107 Ė 109; contributedby DianneThomas
The Last Will and Testament of the person called theUniversal Friend, of Jerusalem, in the county of Ontario and State of New York,who in the years one thousand seven hundred and seventy-six, was called JemimaWILKINSON, and ever since that time the Universal Friend, a new name which themouth of the Lord hath named. Considering the uncertainty of this mortallife and being of sound mind and memory blessed to the Lord of Sabbath andfather of mercies therefore, I do make and publish this my Last Will andTestament.
1st. My will is that all my just debts be paid by my executors hereinafter named.
2nd. I give, bequeath and devise unto Rachel MALIN and Margaret MALIN, now of saidJerusalem, all my earthly property, both real and personal, that is to say allmy land lying in said Jerusalem in Benton or elsewhere in the county of Ontario,together will all the buildings thereon, to them the said Rachel and Margaret,and to their heirs and assigns forever, to be equally and amicably sharedbetween them, the said Rachel and Margaret; and I do also give andbequeath to said Rachel MALIN and Margaret MALIN all my wearing apparel, all myhousehold furniture, all my horses, cattle, sheep, and swine of ever kind anddescription, and also my carriages, wagons, and carts of every kind, togetherwith all my farming tools and utensils and all my movable property of everynature and description whatever.
3rd. My will is that all the present members of my family, and each of them beemployed as they please, and if employed, supported during natural life by thesaid Rachel and Margaret, and whenever any of them become unable to helpthemselves they are, according to such inability, kindly to be taken care of bythe said Rachel and Margaret; and my will also is that all poor personsbelonging to the Society of Universal Friends shall receive from the said Racheland Margaret such assistance, comfort, and support during natural life as theymay need; and in case any, either of my family or elsewhere in the Society,shall turn away, such shall forfeit the provisions herein made for them.
4th. I hereby ordain and appoint Rachel MALIN and Margaret MALIN executors of my LastWill and Testament. In witness whereof I, the person once called JemimaWILKINSON, bunt in and ever since the year 1777, known and called the PublicUniversal Friend, hereunto set my name and seal the 25th day of the 2ndmo. 1818.
THEPUBLIC UNIVERSAL FRIEND (L.S.)
Beit remembered that in order to remove all doubts of the execution of theforegoing Last Will and Testament, being the person who in the year 1777 wasknown and called by the name of Jemima WILKINSON, but since that time as theUniversal Friend, do make, publish, and declare the within instrument as my LastWill and Testament, as witness my hand and seal the 7th day of the 7thmo. 1818.
JEMIMA(her mark) WILKINSON
Pg109 - 112
Inpursuance of the Friendís will, her mansion and homestead, under the controlof Rachel and Margaret MALIN, continued to be the home of the Friendís family,the place of meetings and focus of the Society. All things went on as before in peace and quietness, till some elementsof division were introduced, after the arrival among them of Michael H. BARTON,who was originally an Orthodox Quaker from Dutchess county and came to Jerusalemin 1830. He was a man of engagingaddress, and had the friendship of Rachel and James BROWN Jr., but had not thefavor of Margaret and others of the Society. He preached at the meetings, and had more or less connection with theSociety for several years. In thememorable political canvass of 1840, he took the field as a canvasser forGeneral HARRISON, addressed a number of Mass Meetings in Ohio, and gained afriendly recognition for the old General himself. The early death of the new President cut off his expectation of animportant appointment at his hands. Mr.BARTON died in 1857, at the age of 59 years. His widow, Sarah F. BARTON still survives. His son, George F. BARTON, is a citizen of Jerusalem, and hisdaughter, Angeline S. BARTON, who was a school teacher, died in 1864, at the ageof 22 years.
GeorgeCLARK and Osa HYMES came a little alter that Michael H. BARTON, and united inengrafting new features on the steady going Society that cherished the faith andtradition of the Friend. Theyclaimed to give a fresh inspiration of the Friendís doctrine, but the resultswere a notable departure therefrom. Thestrictness of the Friendís faith and discipline, was not maintained by the newinfusion. HYMES attempted toprepare a history of the Friend and the Society, with abortive results so far asthe writer has been able to learn. HEwas shortly driven off. GeorgeCLARK, after a few yearsí residence at the Friendís house, brought there hisdaughter, Maria, who by her amiable character became favorite of the family. After his marriage, he made little if any pretence toreligious character, and his career was not favorable to the interest of theestablishment or his own welfare. Hedied a few years ago in New York. MargaretMALIN died in 1844, leaving by will her estate and interest to James BROWN Jr.,with the purpose to place him in her own position toward the Society. He was a life-long devoted disciple of the Friend, had been for a longperiod a member of the Friendís household, and was an important member of theSociety. After the death ofMargaret, and at 60 years of age or upwards, he married Maria CLARK, who wasstill under 20 years, and accepted a division of the estate, taking for hisportion, 700 acres of land, and several thousand dollars of personal property. He lived to be 86 years old, a much respected citizen. He served the town of Jerusalem as Supervisor in 1838 and 1839, and madea good officer. Peter S. OLIVER afterwards married his widow, and she died in1868, leaving in Mr. OLIVERíS possession such mementoes of the FriendísSociety as had been preserved by James BROWN Jr., including the portrait of theFriend, which was framed by John MALIN in very elaborate style, from a number ofdifferent varieties of wood that grew on the Friendís domain.
In1848, Rachel MALIN died, after conveying to descendants of her brothers andsisters, a large share of the Friendís estate. This was a departure from the Will of the Friend, and doubtless proved sothan Rachel designed. She wasnearly 80 years old and was surrounded by those who had selfish purpose tosubserve. What they did notappropriate, she gave chiefly to her relatives. John A. GALLETT obtained 50 acres of land, it is said, in considerationof money advanced by his grandmother, Lydia WOOD, to the purchase of the landoriginally bought of the State for the Friendís Settlement on the shore ofSeneca Lake. The Friendísmansion, with 150 acres of land, was bequeathed to Mary Ann, the wife of GeorgeCLARK. James Harvey and William T.CLARK, his sons, each had farms given them. William died a solider in the war of the rebellion, and James Harveystill survives; but the Friendís place, which became his inheritance, has beenfor some years out of his possession.
It waspurchased at the close of the war by John ALCOOKE, who clamed to be an EnglishQuaker, for a home for disabled soldiers. Hecollected a considerable number of these unfortunate men and made them acomfortable abode in the old residence of the Friend. By appeals to the charity of the people, aid from theSanitary Commission, and other contributions, he was supporting his crippledveterans and paying for their home, when he suddenly died in 1866. Leaving no heirs know to the authorities, his property fell to the State. It was discovered that his charities were coupled with some duplicity,but it is to be hoped his general intentions were good. The Friendís place has since passed through the hands of Charles C.SHEPPARD to his son, Morris F. SHEPPARD, by whom it was considerably improvedand renovated. It is now theproperty of Thomas J. WHITE. It isno longer a shrine of religious worship, nor a center of great social interest. The 50 years that have elapsed since the Friend departed, have broughttheir mighty changes and still the old mansion stands a subject of curiousinterest and enquiry. The engraving which represents it will be readily recognizedby those who have seen the building. Thefall fir trees which stand before it, were planted by Henry BARNES, whose pioushands wrought so much and so willing there in the early years.
RachelINGRAHAM, Henry BARNES and Experience BARNES, are still surviving members of theFriendís Society. Incontravention of her just and straightforward will, in which kin andconsanguinity were disregarded, and spiritual and social ties alone recognized,Henry BARNES is dependent in his declining years on the generosity of others. They should all have had an assured and liberal competence to the latestday of their lives, as they would, but for the perversion of trusts designed andundersigned, which accompanied the distribution of the Friendís estate.
Thelongevity of these worthy persons, is carrying the life of the FriendísSociety almost to the end of a century from its inception in that wonderfulTrance in 1776, when the mind of a young girl was impressed with the convictionthat the effulgence of a brighter and purer order of existence was disclosed toher vision. She was thus promptedto a life-long effort to bring others as near as possible to the better andhigher state, as she interpreted the vision. It was a noble essay, whatever its errors, against long and wearydiscouragements, and was not without its fruits. The best successes of life, are not always its most showy and apparenttriumphs. A few, won to the side ofself-denying virtue, weigh more in the best results of life, than crowds led byacquiescence in the baser tendencies of perverted humanity.
TheFriendís Society belongs to the past. Thatit could not perpetuate itself must have been evident to its founder long beforeher own decease. Perhaps it was nopart of her final purpose that it should. Itwas an interesting social and religious experiment, that can be studied withprofit by those who would read aright the structure of human character andanticipate its developments in the future.
**contributed by MallorySmith
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